Izimfundiso nezinkolelo zikaJesu Kristu, iNdodana kaNkulunkulu

Ezihlokweni zethu ezedlule sixoxe ngokuthi

(1) Ozalo lwenkosi noMose,
(2) amaHubo, uSolomoni nabaProfethi,
(3) i1st AmaJuda Ekhulu Leminyaka,

bakholelwa ngalo mbuzo, "Ithemba lesintu ngekusasa, lizokuba kuphi?"

Manje sizocubungula isifundo esibalulekile sokuthi yini uJesu Kristu, iNdodana kaNkulunkulu ayekholwa nayifundisa ngenkathi isemhlabeni.

Imfundiso kaJesu

Indawo yokuqala esizoyihlola ithathwe eNtshumayelweni YaseNtabeni. Sithatha i-akhawunti kuMathewu 5: 20. Lapha uJesu wathi kubafundi bakhe ababelalele:

"Ngoba ngithi kini uma ukulunga kwenu kungadluli okwababhali nabaFarisi, anisoze nangena embusweni wamazulu. [(5) - ouranon, isibhakabhaka (ama)[i]"

Ubungakanani umongo walesi sitatimende? UJesu ukucacisa ukuthi abafundi bakhe kuyofanela benze imisebenzi yokulunga engaphezu kweyenziwa abaFarisi uma befuna ukungena eMbusweni wamazulu. Kodwa-ke, akasho ukuthi lowo Mbuso wawuphi. Kunalokho, uyichaza njenge “Umbuso of amazulu ” ukuyihlukanisa kusuka “Umbuso (s) womhlaba”.

Isibonelo, ibinzana elithi "umbuso waseRoma" alibhekiseli ngqo endaweni elikuyo. Esikhundleni salokho ibhekisa emandleni nokubusa kwayo (indawo yokubusa) nalapho igunya layo livela khona. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ngabe uJesu wayeshilo 'umbuso in amazulu ', lapho-ke singacabanga ukuthi wayekhuluma ngendawo ethile ebonakalayo, noma ngabe kukuphi.

Ngabe izilaleli zakhe bezingacabanga ukuthi ukhuluma ngendawo, noma umthombo wegunya namandla?

Kamuva lapho eshumayela, uJesu wathi:

“Nizwile ukuthi kwathiwa, 'Kumelwe uthande umakhelwane wakho futhi uzonde isitha sakho.' Kodwa-ke, ngithi kini: Qhubekani nithanda izitha zenu futhi nithandazela labo abanishushisayo; ukuthi nina zingazibonakalisa ningamadodana kaYihlo osemazulwini [(1) - ouranois[Ii], Ubukhona bukaNkulunkulu]… ”(Mathewu 5: 44-45)

Lapha, uJesu wayefundisa abafundi, kepha wayengakabeka abaphostoli abayishumi nambili. Ngakho-ke, ithemu “Abafundi” kubhekisa kubo bonke abalandeli bakhe. Ngakho-ke, ngenkathi uJesu esho phambilini eNtshumayelweni YaseNtabeni, "Babusisiwe abanokuthula, ngoba bayobizwa ngokuthi 'ngamadodana kaNkulunkulu' (UMathewu 5: 9) nalapha "Ukuzibonakalisa ningamadodana kayihlo", wayebonisa kubo konke abangaba yikho “Amadodana kaNkulunkulu”. Siyakhumbula ukuthi ekuqaleni u-Adamu wadalelwa indodana kaNkulunkulu ephelele, kodwa waba yindodana kaNkulunkulu engaphelele.

Yini uJesu ayishoyo ethinta ukuthi singaphinde sibe ngamadodana kaNkulunkulu futhi? Konke kuncike ekutheni sibaphatha kanjani abanye (ngokuba nokuthula phakathi kwezinye izinto) nokuthi siyakholelwa yini elungiselelweni likaKristu lesihlengo. Singavele sizibonakalise singamaKristu ngendlela esiphatha ngayo abanye futhi siphile ngayo izimpilo zethu ngokuba nokuthula nokubeka ukholo kuJesu Kristu (UMathewu 7: 20-23, Galathiya 3: 26). UJesu ukucacisa ukuthi uYise 'emazulwini ” kodwa akazange anikeze inkomba lapha ukuthi abafundi bakhe babeyodinga ukuba ezulwini lapho uNkulunkulu ekhona “Amadodana kaNkulunkulu”. Esikhundleni salokho ukuqokwa nalesi simo kudinga ukuba sibe nokuthula futhi silunge, futhi ngezenzo zethu singakhombisa ukuthi siyakufanelekela (ukufinyelela abantu abangaphelele) isipho nemvume yokuba “Amadodana kaNkulunkulu”.

Imuphi omunye umvuzo uJesu awethembisa abafundi bakhe? ULuka 6: I-22-23 iqopha yena ethi:

"Niyajabula noma nini lapho abantu bekuzonda noma nini lapho bekukhipha bese bekuhlambalaza futhi bekhipha igama lakho njengelibi ngenxa yeNdodana yomuntu.  Jabulani ngalolo suku futhi nigxumagxume, ngoba, bhekani! YAKHO umvuzo muhle ku- (the) izulu, [(2) ourano, - indawo yomoya, isikhala esingaphandle][Iii] ngoba yizona kanye izinto okhokho babo ababevame ukuzenza kubaprofethi. ”

Kunengqondo ngokwengeziwe ukuthi uJesu wayekhuluma ngo umthombo yomvuzo ovela ezulwini [indawo yomoya], ngokungafani nomhlaba yingakho yaqinisekiswa. Futhi kungenzeka kuphela ngenxa yomhlatshelo wakhe wesihlengo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izonikezwa uJehova uNkulunkulu — lowo osezulwini — ngoJesu Kristu. Umongo wonke wamavesi azungezile ukhuluma ngokungakhathazeki ngezinkinga ezibangelwa ngabantu, ngoba ngeke zisizuzise-umthombo walowo mvuzo ungowasemhlabeni. Kunalokho, uJehova noJesu bayoba umthombo womvuzo.

Lokhu kusikhumbuza uMathewu 6: 19-23 lapho uJesu axoxa khona ngokuziqongelela umcebo ezulwini, [(2) ourano, - indawo yomoya, isikhala esingaphandle] kunokuba emhlabeni. Ngokusobala wayengakhulumi ngokuqongelela ingcebo yangempela ezulwini, kodwa kunalokho izizathu ezinhle zokuthi uJehova asinike umvuzo omkhulu ovela ezulwini.

Manje sizobheka uLuka 20: 34-38, ukuqonda kwakho okuphikisanayo ngezinye izizathu. Kodwa-ke, ukubeka lezi eceleni, siyabona ukuthi:

"UJesu wathi kubo 'Abantwana balesi simiso sezinto bayashada futhi bayendiswa, kepha labo ababaliwe njengabakufanelekele ukuthola leso simiso sezinto nokuvuka kwabafileyo, abashadanga, abendiswa. Eqinisweni futhi ngeke bafe futhi ngoba banjengezingilosi, futhi bayizingane zikaNkulunkulu ngokuba ngabantwana bovuko. Kepha ukuthi abafileyo bakhona asukume ngisho noMose wadalula, ekulandiseni ngesihlahla seva, lapho ebiza uJehova ngokuthi 'uNkulunkulu ka-Abrahama noNkulunkulu ka-Isaka noNkulunkulu kaJakobe. UnguNkulunkulu wabaphilayo, hhayi owabafileyo, ngoba bonke bayaphila kuye. ”

Singathothoza amaphuzu ambalwa kulokhu. Okokuqala, uJesu uthi uJehova wabheka u-Abrahama, u-Isaka noJakobe njengabaphilayo kuye. Labo-ke ngokuzithoba bayophila futhi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuthi labo abavusiwe bayoba "Izingane zikaNkulunkulu ngokuba yizingane zovuko". Yizidalwa eziphelele kuphela ezingaba ngamadodana noma izingane zikaNkulunkulu ngokweqiniso, njengoba kwaba njalo ngo-Adamu no-Eva abangenasono.

UJesu bekakhuluma nabaFarisi umbuzo wokuthi ngubani umfazi ozokuvuka ebadodeni bakhe. AbaFarisi kanye nayo yonke i-1st AmaJuda ekhulu leminyaka ayekholelwa ovukweni lomhlaba ngosuku lokugcina. Kuyavunywa, bona noma thina abanalo ulwazi olunembile ngemvelo yangempela yokuvuka kwezingane zikaNkulunkulu uJesu ayekhuluma ngazo. Ukubhekiswa kwalaba abanjengezingelosi kungenzeka kungabhekiseli esimweni somoya sezingelosi, kodwa empilweni yazo yaphakade. UJesu uthi bazofana nezingelosi ezingafi, kepha kunokungacaci okwanele endimeni yakhe ukuthi asinakugomela ngokusekelwe kulokhu kuphela.

Noma ngabe isiphi isimo izingane zikaNkulunkulu esizitholayo ovukweni, singasho ngokuqinisekile ukuthi zizobe ziphelele.

Esidlweni sePhasika e-33 CE UJesu uqhubeke wenza lokhu okulandelayo futhi washo amazwi athokozisayo lapho ekhuluma nabaphostoli bakhe:

“Futhi yamukela inkomishi, yabonga yathi: Thathani lokhu nidlulise komunye kuye komunye; ngoba ngithi kuwe, kusukela manje kuqhubeke ngeke ngiphinde ngiphuze umkhiqizo womvini kuze kufike umbuso kaNkulunkulu. ”(Luka 22: 17-18). (Sicela ubheke futhi ama-akhawunti afanayo UMathewu 26: 29 noMark 14: 25.)

Abafundi bebezothatha lesi sitatimende ngokweqiniso. Kungenzeka yini ukuthi umoya wenyama uJesu aphuze futhi adle ngokoqobo, uma ekhetha? Yebo, bona uLuka 24: 42, 43 lapho adle khona inhlanzi eyosiwe phambi kwamehlo abo ngemuva kokuvuka kwakhe, ngaphambi kokunyukela kwakhe ezulwini. Ngakho-ke asinasisekelo esizwakalayo sokuthatha lo mbhalo ukusho noma yini ngaphandle njengoba kusho ngokoqobo. Lokhu futhi ngokusho ukuthi abafundi abazoba ngamakhosi nabapristi nabo bazoba lapha emhlabeni ukuze lokhu kwenzeke njengoba kwakuprofethwe.

Siphinde sazi ukuthi ibinzana elithi “kuze kufike umbuso kaNkulunkulu [uyofika] ” kufanele kuqondwe njengokuthi umbuso kaNkulunkulu ufika endaweni lapho bephuza khona eyayikhona emhlabeni. Ukusho noma yini enye, uJesu wayeyobe esethi “kuze kufike umbuso kaNkulunkulu uqala ukubusa” noma amagama afanayo avumele indawo ehlukile. (Bheka noLuka 14: 15)

Manje ake sibheke ukuthi yini esingayifunda ekulandiseni kwengxoxo eyayiphakathi kukaJesu nomenzi wobubi ngenkathi esesigxotsheni sokuhlushwa. Kubhalwe ngathi kuLuka 23: 43 lapho ithi:

“Futhi yena [UJesu] wathi kuye [umenzi wobubi]: 'Ngiqinisile ngiyakutshela namuhla, Uzoba nami ePharadesi' ”

Umenzi wobubi wayazi kuphela ipharadesi (Insimu yase-Edene) esemhlabeni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma uJesu wayesho izulu, kungani ayengasho nje izulu? Ngakho-ke kunengqondo ukuqonda lo mbhalo njengoba ufundwa ngaphandle kokufaka noma iyiphi ukutolika. Lokhu kusho ukuthi uJesu wayezoba semhlabeni esikhathini esizayo lapho umenzi wobubi ovusiwe ayengaba naye.

Umenzi wobubi wayesanda kubuza, “Jesu, ungikhumbule lapho ungena embusweni wakho” lapho elenga lapho eduze kukaJesu. Wayengeke abe nomqondo wokuthi uMbuso kaJesu usezulwini. Kodwa-ke, wayeyolazi igama lesiHeberu pardes okusho "Ipaki". IPharadesi igama lesiNgisi elinikezwe igama elifanayo lesiGrikhi paradeiso, futhi okusho ukuthi "ipaki", "ingadi" noma "ukubiyela", okususelwa egameni lePersia elisho okufanayo. Ngenxa yokholo lwakhe, uJesu wayiduduza le ndoda ngokumqinisekisa ngaleso sikhathi, ukuthi uzoba lapho embusweni kaJesu ePharadesi.

Ngasekuqaleni kwenkonzo kaJesu, waba nengxoxo emnandi noNikodemu mayelana noMbuso kaNkulunkulu. Le ngxoxo sayibhalelwa umphostoli uJohane kuJohane 3: 3, 5, 9-18:

“UJesu ephendula wathi kuye [Nikodemus] "Ngiqinisile impela ngithi kuwe, Ngaphandle kokuthi umuntu azalwe kabusha, ngeke abone umbuso kaNkulunkulu."

"UJesu waphendula:" Ngiqinisile impela ngithi kuwe, Ngaphandle kokuthi noma ubani azalwe ngamanzi nomoya, ngeke angene embusweni kaNkulunkulu. "

“UNikodiyu wathi kuye:“ Zingenzeka kanjani lezi zinto? ”Ephendula uJesu wathi kuye:“ Ingabe ungumfundisi wakwa-Israyeli kodwa ube ungazazi lezi zinto? Ngiqinisile, ngiqinisile ngithi kuwe, Lokho esikwaziyo sikukhuluma nalokho esikubonile sikufakazile, kepha nina anibamukeli ubufakazi esibunikezayo. Uma ngikutshele izinto zasemhlabeni kodwa anikholwa, niyokholwa kanjani uma nginitshela izinto zasezulwini? Ngaphezu kwalokho, akekho umuntu oye wanyukela ezulwini ngaphandle kwalowo wehla evela ezulwini, iNdodana yomuntu. Futhi njengoba uMose waphakamisa inyoka ehlane, kanjalo neNdodana yomuntu kumele iphakanyiswe, ukuze wonke umuntu okholwayo kuyo abe nokuphila okuphakade. “Ngoba uNkulunkulu walithanda izwe kangangokuba waze wanikela ngeNdodana yakhe ezelwe yodwa, ukuze wonke umuntu obonisa ukholo kuye kungenzeka angabhubhi kodwa abe nokuphila okuphakade. Ngoba uNkulunkulu wathumela iNdodana yakhe emhlabeni, hhayi ukuba yehlulele izwe, kodwa ukuze izwe lisindiswe ngayo. Lowo obonisa ukholo kuye akufanele ahlulelwe. Lowo ongalubonisi ukholo usegwetshiwe kakade, ngoba akazange abe nokholo egameni leNdodana kaNkulunkulu ezelwe yodwa. ”

Lapha uJesu wayekhuluma noNikodemu ngombuso kaNkulunkulu nangesidingo sokuzalwa kabusha uma efuna ukubona [ukuba] embusweni kaNkulunkulu. UJesu uqhubeka nokuqinisekisa ukuthi ngaphambi kokuba afe, akekho umuntu owake wanyukela ezulwini. Washo nokuthi uzobe enyukela ezulwini. Ngokumangazayo, akazange athathe lelo thuba azise uNikodemu noma abafundi bakhe ukuthi ngemuva kokukhuphuka kwakhe, abantu bazomlandela baye ezulwini.

Lokho uJesu akhuluma ngakho kubafundi bakhe kwakuyithemba lokuphila okuphakade [Gr. Ngokweqiniso: impilo ehlala njalo] abalaleli bayo, ngokweqiniso, babeyoyiqonda ukuthi isemhlabeni. Leli themba lalinikezwa izilaleli zakhe, uma ziba nokholo kuye. Ingxenye yokubeka ukholo kuye kungaba isinyathelo sokuzalwa kabusha [ukuzalwa kabusha] emanzini [abhapathizwe emanzini, = ukucela intethelelo yezono, kanye nesicelo sokuba nonembeza ohlanzekile, isiqalo esihlanzekile] nokuzalwa kabusha [kabusha] umoya [owabhapathizwa noma ogcotshwe nguMoya oNgcwele]. Kuze kube manje, abafundi bakhe babezoba nombono ongokomoya ngokuphila kunokuba babe ngabasemhlabeni, abanombono wenyama. (Bona uJohn 3: 6 "Okuzelwe yinyama kuyinyama, nalokho okuzelwe komoya kungumoya. ”)

Futhi, kule ndima, kuJohane 3: 16, kusho uJesu wonke umuntu ukubonisa ukholo kuye kwakuyoba nokuphila okuphakade. Izilaleli zakhe zazizoqonda ukuthi uJesu wayekhuluma ngekusasa emhlabeni, nokuthi wayehlanganisa nabo bonke ababekholelwa kuye njengoMesiya. Kwaphinda lokho, UJesu wakwenza hhayi thatha ithuba ukucacisa ukuthi bekunethemba elihlukile (okungukuthi in indawo yomoya) kulabo abathembekile.

UJesu wakhuluma ngovuko lwesikhathi esizayo kuJohan 5: 28-29, futhi kukhona eminye imikhondo lapha. Kufundeka lokhu:

“Ningamangali ngalokhu, ngoba ihora liyeza lapho bonke abasemathuneni beyokhunjulwa futhi bayolizwa izwi layo Phuma, labo abenze izinto ezinhle ukuze uvuko lwempilo, nalabo ababenza izinto ezimbi a uvuko lokwahlulela. "

Igama elithi "Isahlulelo ”(= IsiGrikhi 2920 "Inhlekelele" ) Kusho "ukwahlukanisa icala, ukukhetha, ukwahlulela". Ukusetshenziswa kwaleli gama kuzokhombisa ukuthi abanye bazoshintsha, kudingeke ukuthi kube nokuhlukaniswa kwalokhu kulabo abangakulungele ukushintsha. Ngakho-ke kunengqondo ukuphetha ngokuthi kulabo abangalungile kungagcina sekuvuselwa ekuphileni. Babezokwehlukaniswa nalabo abangafuni ukuguquka, kungaba ukufa kwaphakade kubo.

Igama lesiGrikhi elihunyushwe ngokuthi “Phuma"Inencazelo" yokuphuma, thatha indlela ethile ".

Lapha uJesu ubephawula ukuthi abafileyo bayovuselwa [emhlabeni], (Gr. I-Anastasis Ngokweqiniso: sukuma futhi) ngokuzayo. Ngokwesimo yemibhalo ecashunwe ngaphambili, lokhu kuzobuyela emhlabeni. Labo "abenze izinto ezinhle" bavuselwa ekuphileni nalabo 'abenze izinto ezimbi ukuba bahlulele'. 'Babephuma ngaphandle' bengaphakathi kwamathuna ayisikhumbuzo, njengoba kwenza uLazaru lapho uJesu eyala uLazaru ukuthi “Phuma ” (UJohn 11: 43). (Bheka futhi ne-Greek interlinear translate John 5: 29.)

UJesu ubuye waxoxa ngovuko nokuphila okuphakade njengoba kubhalwe kuJohn 6: 27, 39-40, 44, 47, 51, 54, 58.

“Ungasebenzeli ukudla okushabalalayo, kodwa usebenzele ukudla lokho uhlala ngokuphila okuphakade, izokunikwa yiNdodana yomuntu ”,

“Lokhu kuyintando yalowo ongithumileyo, ukuthi ngingalahlekelwa yilutho kukho konke anginike khona, kodwa Kufanele ngiyivuse ngosuku lokugcina, Ngoba lokhu kuyintando kaBaba, ukuthi wonke umuntu obona iNdodana futhi akholwe kuye kufanele abe nokuphila okuphakade, futhi mina ngiyomvusa ngosuku lokugcina. "

"Akekho umuntu ongeza kimi ngaphandle kokuthi uBaba ongithumileyo emdonsa; futhi Ngizomvusa ngosuku lokugcina. ”

"Ngiqinisile, ngiqinisile ngithi kuwe, okholwayo unokuphila okuphakade.",

“Mina ngiyisinkwa esiphilayo esehle ezulwini; uma umuntu edla lesi sinkwa, uyophila kuze kube phakade;", "54 Odlayo enyameni yami, ngiphuze igazi lami linokuphila okuphakade, ngiyakumvusa ngosuku lokugcina; ”[Iv],

”Lowo odla lesi sinkwa uyakuthola phila phakade".

Kungabonakala ngokucacile kulemibhalo ukuthi ukubonisa ukholo kuJesu kwakuyimfuneko yokuqala yokuba phakathi kwalabo abavuswa ngosuku lokugcina. Lokhu kwakukukholwa uMariya noMartha ababenakho ukuthi babeyophinde babone nini uLazaru.

Ngaphezu kwalokho uJesu wathembisa uvuko ngosuku lokugcina [kathathu][V] nokuphila okuphakade [amahlandla ayisikhombisa][vi]) kule ndima yombhalo eVangelini likaJohane, kulabo ababezohlala bethembekile futhi bekholelwa kuye njengoMesiya. Kodwa-ke, akazange akhulume ngokuya ezulwini emuva kovuko, noma ukuvuselwa ezulwini. Impela, lesi bekungaba isikhathi esifanele sokwenza kanjalo. Isiphetho kufanele kube ukungabikho kolunye ulwazi, ukuthi abafundi bakhe kanye nabalaleli ngabe bakuqonda lokhu njengokuvuselwa ekuphileni okuphakade emhlabeni, okucacayo ukuthi uMariya noMartha babenakho.

(Bona uJohn 11: 23-25 ngaphansi kwe-Belief ye-1st AmaJuda Ekhulu Leminyaka. Le ndikimba iphindwa kaninginingi ngamaVangeli. Bheka futhi kwiSithasiselo[vii].)

Kungekudala ngemuva kwalezi zigameko ezazikhubekise abafundi abaningi nababethatha uJesu izimfundiso zangempela, wayephawula kubaFarisi abazama ukumbamba. KuJohn 7: 33-34 i-akhawunti ifundeka kanje:

"Ngakho-ke UJesu wathi: “Ngisaqhubeka isikhashana nani ngaphambi kokuba ngiye kuye ongithumileyo.  Uzongifuna, kepha ngeke ungithole, futhi lapho ngikhona anikwazi ukuza. "

AmaJuda amangala ngalesi sitatimende ezibuza ukuthi uJesu wayehlose ukuya kuphi. (UJohn 7: 35). UJesu bekakhuluma nabafundi bakhe nesiqubuthu. AmaJuda awazange aqonde, ngoba ayengakholelwa uNkulunkulu (“Ongithumileyo”) wayethumele uJesu. Futhi bebengazi ukuthi uzobulawa futhi avuselwe ezulwini kuJehova uNkulunkulu (“ngaphambi kokuba ngiye kulowo ongithumileyo ”) ukuhlinzeka ngomhlatshelo wesihlengo esintwini nasekugcwalisekeni kwesiprofetho seBhayibhile. UJesu wayazi ukuthi bazofuna isidumbu sakhe, bangafuni ukukholwa ukuthi uvusiwe (Uzongifuna, kepha ngeke ungithole, ”). Kodwa-ke, babengeke bakwazi ukumthola ngenxa yokuvuselwa kwakhe ezulwini.

Lokhu kugcizelele iqiniso lokuthi ngeke bakwazi ukuya ezulwini ukuze bamthole ngaleso sikhathi noma kamuva. Futhi ngeke bakwazi ukwenza kanjalo ngokufa nokuvuka kwabo, kusobala, ngoba babeqonda ukuthi uvuko luzobuyela emhlabeni njengabantu. Bonke abalalele uJesu lapho esixukwini babenethuba 'lokukhethwa', kepha-ke uphakamisa ukuthi bonke ngeke bakwazi ukumlandela. Ngakho-ke le ndima ibizokhombisa ukuthi akekho umuntu ozoya ezulwini (“Ngikuphi Ayikwazi woza ”). Igama lesiGrikhi elihunyushwe lisho ukuthi “erchomai ” okusho ukuthi, "ukuza [futhi futhi ngenxa yalokho] kuya endaweni eyodwa kuya kwenye". Lokhu kuqinisa ukuqonda ukuthi babengeke bakwazi ukusuka emhlabeni baye lapho ayezoba khona, enoNkulunkulu owayemthumile, emazulwini. Bheka futhi noJohn 8: 21-23, noJohn 13: 33-36.

Ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuboshwa kwakhe, uJesu wakhuluma nabafundi bakhe ukuze azame ukubalungiselela lokho ayazi ukuthi kuzokwenzeka, ukulahlekelwa uthisha nomphathi wabo. Singayithatha le ndaba kuJohane 13:33, 36 nakuJohane 14: 1-6, 23, 28-29.

“Bantwanyana. Nginawe isikhashana. Nizongifuna; futhi njengoba nje ngishilo kumaJuda, ukuthi, 'Lapho ngiya khona anikwazi ukuza,' ngisho futhi kini njengamanje. Ngininika umyalo omusha, wokuba nithandane; njengoba nje nami nginithandile, ukuthi nani nithandane. ”,

“USimoni Petru wathi kuye: 'Nkosi, uyaphi?' UJesu waphendula wathi: 'Lapho ngiya khona anikwazi ukungilandela manje, kepha niyakulandela emva kwami. UPhetro wathi kuye: 'Nkosi, kungani ngingenakulandela njengamanje? Ngizonikela umphefumulo wami ngenxa yakho '. ”

“Ningazivumeli izinhliziyo zenu zikhathazeke. Khombisa ukholo kuNkulunkulu, bonise ukholo nakimi. Endlini kaBaba kuningi izindawo zokuhlala. Ngaphandle kwalokho, bengizonitshela, ngoba ngiyahamba ngiyonilungisela indawo. Futhi, uma ngihamba ngiyonilungiselela indawo, ngiyabuya futhi ngizonamukela ekhaya kimi, ukuze lapho ngikhona nani nibe khona. Futhi lapho ngiya khona niyayazi indlela. UTomase wathi kuye: “Nkosi, asazi ukuthi uyaphi. Siyazi kanjani indlela? ”UJesu wathi kuye:“ Mina ngiyindlela neqiniso nokuphila. Akekho oza kuBaba ngaphandle kwami. ”

“Ephendula uJesu wathi kuye: 'Uma umuntu engithanda, uzogcina izwi lami futhi uBaba uyamthanda futhi sizofika kuye sihlale naye.' …,

"8“Nizwile ukuthi ngathi kini: Ngiyahamba, sengibuyela kini. Ukube beningithanda, niyojabula ukuthi ngiya kuBaba, ngoba uBaba mkhulu kunami. Ngakho-ke senginitshelile ngaphambi kokuba kwenzeke, ukuze kuthi uma kwenzeka nikholwe. ”

Igama lesiGrikhi elihunyushwe ngokuthi “izindawo zokuhlala”Futhi kusho 'izindawo zokuhlala'.

KuJohane 13: 36 umphostoli uPhetro ubuze uJesu ebuza “Nkosi, uyaphi?”Abafundi bebengakacabangi ngokugcwele ukuthi wayezokufa kungekudala. Njengoba kuqala kuPhetro ukuthi uJesu uzokufa ngempela, enamawala njengakuqala, wayefuna ukulandela uJesu futhi afe ethembekile noJesu, kodwa uJesu wathi “ngeke ungilandele manje ”. Kungani kungenjalo "manje”? UJesu wayesanda kubanikeza umyalo wokuthi “thandanani”. Ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kamuva ngemuva kokuvuka kwakhe i-akhawunti kuJohn 21: 14-19 inika impendulo yokuthi kungani kungenzeki “manje”. Kwakuwukubonakala kwesithathu kubafundi ngemuva kokuvuswa kwabafileyo. UJesu wabuza uPhetro “Ngabe uyangithanda ukwedlula lezi? ” [ebhekisa kwinhlanzi ababesanda kuyidla]. UPhetro waphendula wathi "Yebo, Nkosi". Ngemuva kwaloko, Jesu wamcela kutsi “Yondla amawundlu ami”, Ukuze “Yalusa amawundlu ami” naku- “Dlisa imvu yami encane ”. Wabe eseqhubeka nokunikeza inkomba yokuthi luhlobo luni lokufa uPhetro azokhazimulisa uNkulunkulu ngalo. Ngakho-ke, njengoba incwadi yezEnzo ibonisa ngokucacile, uJesu wayenomsebenzi ayefanele awenze ekunakekeni kwebandla lobuKristu lokuqala.

Wayekuphi uJesu?

  1. Wayezolungiselela abafundi bakhe indawo, kepha akasho ukuthi leyo ndawo yayiyoba kuphi ngokomzimba. Ngempela “endlini kaBaba kunezindawo eziningi zokuhlala ” [izindawo zokuhlala], okungukuthi ubukhona bukaJehova, indawo yangaphandle ngaphandle kobukhona bukaJehova, amazulu abonakalayo azungeze umhlaba, umhlaba, ithuna futhi mhlawumbe ngaphezulu isib. (Bheka ukusetshenziswa kwamagama esiGreki ahunyushwe ngokuthi “izulu (s)” ku Isithasiselo Nengxenye I-1)
  2. Ukuhamba ayolungisa le ndawo kwakuyodingeka ukuthi afe, futhi avuswe futhi anyukele ebukhosini bukaJehova anikele ngokuphila kwakhe kobuntu okuphelele kube yisihlengo. Yilapho-ke kuphela lapho indawo yokuhlala yayizokwazi khona. Kungemva kokulungiswa kwendawo yokuhlala lapho kungenzeka khona ukuthi uPeter nabanye balandele. UJesu akazange akhombise ukuthi le ndawo yokuhlala izolunga ngaphambi kokubuya kwakhe ("Ngibuye futhi") nokuthi abafundi babezoya kuleyo ndawo ngaphambi kokubuya kwakhe.

UJesu wayezobamukela kuphi abafundi?

  1. Uthi "Ngiyeza futhi ngizonamukela ekhaya kimi, ukuze lapho ngikhona nani nibe lapho. ” ngokwe-NWT kanye nezinye izinguqulo. I-Kingdom Interlinear nezinye izinguqulo zamaGreek Interlinear zihumusha le ndima ngokuthi “Ngizokusa kuwe, ukuze lapho ngikhona, ube khona nami ”. "Ikhaya" Ngakho-ke, ukukhetha nokuhumusha komhumushi, kungenzeka kusekelwe ezinkolelweni zabo ezikhona. Ukungezelelwa okunjalo, okungaguqula ukuqonda okungaba khona ngale ndima, akufanele kungeniswe embhalweni. EsiNgisini, sinesisho esithi "gcina / ngikusondeze kimi" okungahle kube yigama elihle lesisho esithi "hamba nami kimi". Isisho “Ngikhona ukuza futhi ” kungaqondwa kuphela njengoJesu eza emhlabeni. Wayesemhlabeni kanye, futhi 'ukubuya futhi' kusho ukuphinda okuzayo, noma ukubuya. Uma esebuye futhi lapho, ukutholwa kwabafundi bakhe abathembekile kuye kuyokwenzeka. Ngakho-ke, abafundi babeyokwazi ukuba noJesu futhi.
  2. I-1 Thessalon 4: 16, 17 ichaza lo mcimbi ngenkathi ephefumulelwa uPawulu wabhala: "INkosi uqobo iyokwehla ivela ezulwini [(3) Ibanga: i-ouranou, - Isikhala esingaphandle, indawo yomoya][viii]  … Nalabo abafile ebunyeni noKristu bayovuka kuqala. [lokhu kufaka phakathi uPeter noPaul]  Emva kwethu abaphilayo abasindayo, Ndawonye nabo, babanjwa kanye nabo [cishe njengo-Elija wabanjwa] emafwini ukuhlangana neNkosi emoyeni; [amazulu asemhlabeni, hhayi ubukhona bukaJehova, noma indawo yomoya] Futhi ngaleyo ndlela siyohlala sinenkosi ”. Ngakho-ke, ngenkathi la mavesi kuJohane naseThessalonsi engahunyushwa (futhi abe) njengoba abafundi behlangana noJesu ezulwini (njengakwindawo yomoya), akusikho lokho okushiwo imibhalo ngokucacile, futhi kuphikisana nendlela ejwayelekile, yemvelo ukufunda izindinyana.
  • Jesu bekakhuluma nebafundzi, lebebalapha emhlabeni. Bazokuqonda ngokwemvelo ukuthi ukubuya kukaJesu kuzobuya lapha emhlabeni. Lokhu kuzovumelana nomfanekiso uJesu awunikeza kuLuka 19: 12-27, cishe “Umuntu ozelwe kahle owahambela ezweni elikude eyozivikela amandla obukhosi futhi buyela.”…“ Ekugcineni wabuyela emuva kokuthola amandla obukhosi ”. Ukubuyela [emhlabeni], wayezokwazi ukuqala ukusebenzisa umbuso kaNkulunkulu [umbuso wamazulu] okwakuzothi ukubalungiselela indawo [yokuhlala] kubo njengabamele [amakhosi nabapristi] lowo mbuso kulabo ababezethembekile.

Lokhu kushiya umbuzo ophakanyiswe yi-v4 ne-v5. Wayesho ukuthini lapho ethi ku-v4 “lapho ngiya khona uyayazi indlela”? KuJohn 13: 36 UJesu utshele uPeter "Lapho ngiya khona ngeke ungilandele manje, kepha uyakulandela emva kwami”. Lokhu kwenzeka nje lapho uJuda Iskariyothe eshiye isidlo sakusihlwa ukuze akhaphele uJesu. UJesu wayesho ukuthi uzokufa [ethembekile], kepha uPetro wayengasakwazi ukufa (“awukwazi ukungilandela manje ”). Ngani? Kwakufanele acelwe ukuthi ashumayele izindaba ezinhle zikaJesu ovusiwe kumaJuda nakwabezizwe kamuva, njengoba ezothola kamuva. KuJohn 14: 1, ubakhumbuzile ukuthi bangakhathazeki, kodwa “bonisa ukholo kuNkulunkulu ” futhi “Bonisa ukholo nakimi”. Ngakho-ke babazi “indlela", Ukuthi bamukelwe ekhaya kuJesu ngesikhathi nangendawo efanele, kwakufanele balandele"indlela"Noma"Ukuvivinya[ing] ukholo kuNkulunkulu [Jehova],… Nakimi [yena, uJesu Kristu] ”kuze kube sekufeni, njengoba uJesu ayezobakhombisa maduze.

  • Kungaba ngaphandle komongo ukwengeza ukuthi "indawo”Kwakuyizulu futhi "indlela" kwakuwukuvuselwa ezulwini, lapho “indlela”Ngokusobala wayefa ethembekile kuJehova nakuJesu. KuJohn 14: I-5 uThomas ibingakalitholi iphuzu noma ukuqonda futhi yabuza "Siyazi kanjani indlela? ” Lapho ephendula uTomase, uJesu waphinda iphuzu lakhe lokuqala lokubonisa ukholo kuNkulunkulu nakuye ngokuthi: “Mina [Jesu] ngiyindlela [Gr: “hodos"= Indlela yokucinga nokuzizwa, hhayi ukuqondisa ngokomzimba] kanye neqiniso [Gr: "aletheia" = empeleni] nempilo. Akekho oza kuBaba ngaphandle kokuba adlule [kubonisa ukholo] mina ”.
  • UJohn 14: 3-4 “Uma ngihamba [NgesiGrikhi: ukuhamba] futhi ulungiselele indawo [Gr: "topon" = ingxenye ekhishwe isikhala sendawo, njengefa] ngiyeza [Gr: "erchomai" = suka endaweni eyodwa [ezulwini] uye kwenye indawo ehlukile [umhlaba] futhi, futhi ngizokuthola [Gr: "paralempsomai" = sondela eceleni kokuzenzela komuntu siqu] kimi. 4 lapho ngiya khona [Gr: "hypago" = hola indlela (ethembekile kuze kube sekufeni)], uyazi [Gr: "oida" = bona ngokwengqondo]. "
  • UJohn 14: I-23 ikhuluma ngalabo abakhombisa ukubathanda [uNkulunkulu noJesu] nabanye. Lithi “[uNkulunkulu noJesu] sizofika [kusuka ezulwini] kuya yena [lowo othanda uJesu futhi agcine izwi lakhe] futhi senze ezethu ukuhlala [hlala, uhlale] naye [umuntu othembekile (ophila emhlabeni)] ”Qaphela: Babezokwazi beza labo abathembekile, hhayi abathembekile baya ezulwini kuya Umuzwa ofanayo ukhonjiswe kuJohn 14: 28 “I ngiyahamba [ezulwini] nami ngiyabuya [emhlabeni] kuwe". Lokhu kusikhumbuza nesambulo 21: 3, ethi ngokwengxenye “Bheka! The itende [ukuhlala, noma itabernakele] likaNkulunkulu likubantu, futhi uyokwenza kuhlala [hlala noma ukuhlala etabernakele] nabo, ”

Ukufingqa, le ndima ngokwesimo nasekuhlolisiseni ngokucophelela, ayisekeli ukuguqulwa kwendawo yalabo abathembekile. Esikhundleni salokho uJesu wayezobuya [lapho eza ngamandla nenkazimulo] ngaphambi kokuba abafundi bakhe baphinde bamjoyine, nokuthi abafundi bakhe babengeke bamjoyine ezulwini ezulwini kuphela.

Ingxoxo uJesu aba nayo noPilatu isinikeza neminye imininingwane ewusizo. Lapho kuJohane 18: 36 UJesu waphendula uPilatu wathi:

“Umbuso wami awuyona ingxenye yaleli zwe. Ukube umbuso wami ubuyingxenye yalomhlaba, izikhonzi zami ngabe zilwile ukuthi anginikelwa kumaJuda. Kepha manje, umbuso wami awuveli kulo mthombo. ”

UJesu wamphendula uPilatu ngoba uPilatu wayebuze uJesu ukuthi wenzeni ukuthi uJesu uqobo kanye nabaphristi abakhulu bamnikele kuPilatu. Phawula uJesu aphendula: “Umbuso wami awuyona ingxenye yalomhlaba [ngumbuso kaNkulunkulu / wezulu] ”…umbuso wami awuveli kulo mthombo ” [hhayi ukusuka lapha, (noma umbuso), kubhekiswa emhlabeni wamadoda alwela amandla, kunalokho umthombo wawo wawunjalo okuvela kuNkulunkulu, kuvela ezulwini (kwenye indawo).] Lapha uJesu wayebonisa ukuthi wayengeyena nje omunye imbangi uPontiyu Pilatu ayenendaba naye. Umbuso kaJesu wawungenziwa lutho ngezimpi zasemhlabeni amadoda ayenamandla amakhulu. Wayengakuhlakuleli ukuthandwa yinoma ngubani ukuze azenzele amandla futhi asuse uPilatu noma uKhesari. Ngakho-ke, uJesu akazange asongele uPilatu. Esikhundleni salokho, bekuzoba nguJehova uNkulunkulu, umthombo ongewona owasemhlabeni, ozomnika lawo mandla ngesikhathi esizayo.

Eminye Imibhalo efanelekile

ULuka 7: 14

"Ngemuva kwalokho wasondela wathinta i-bier, nabaphathi babemi, wathi:" Nsizwa, ngithi kuwe, Vuka! "

Igama elihunyushwe ngokuthi “Sukuma!” Noma “vuka”Ngu-'egeiro 'futhi kusho' ukuvusa, ukuvusa, ukuvusa '. Kusetshenziswa igama elifanayo kuJohn 5: 21 lapho ukhuluma ngoNkulunkulu ovusa abafileyo. Le ndima iqopha ukuvuswa kwendodana yomfelokazi waseNayini emuva emhlabeni nguJesu.

Maka i-5: 41

"Futhi, ebamba isandla somntwana omncane, wathi kuye: “Talayi · tha cu'mi,” okuhunyushwa ngokuthi, “Ntombazane, ngithi kuwe, Vuka!”

Igama elihunyushwe ngokuthi “Sukuma!” Noma “vuka"I-'egeiro 'futhi isho' ukuvusa, ukuvusa, ukukhulisa 'futhi yigama elifanayo elisetshenziswe kuLuka 7: 14 nakuJohn 5: 21. Lesi yisikhathi sikaJesu enza ukuvuswa kwakhe kwesibili, kwendodakazi kaJayiru. Wambuyisela ephila kubazali bakhe ababengaseneme.

John 5: 21

"Ngoba njengoba uYise evusa abafileyo abenze baphile, kanjalo neNdodana iyabaphilisa labo ethanda ukubaphilisa. ”

Igama elihunyushwe ngokuthi “Sukuma!” Noma “vuka"I-'egeiro 'futhi isho' ukuvusa, ukuvusa, ukukhulisa 'futhi igama elifanayo elisetshenziswe kuLuka 7: 14. Futhi, akukho ndawo okuxoxwe ngakho ngakho ngokuzenzakalelayo izethameli bezizokuqonda lokhu ukuba kube semhlabeni lapho umuntu ehlala khona.

UJohn 11: 23-24

"UJesu wathi kuye: “Umfowenu uzovuka.” 24 UMatha wathi kuye: "Ngiyazi ukuthi uzokuvuka ovukweni ngosuku lokugcina."

La mavesi kwaxoxwa ngawo engxenyeni ye-3 ngaphansi kwe- “Belief of the 1st AmaJuda Emkhulu ”. UJesu akazange alungise ukuqonda kukaMartha ngoba wayelungile. Kodwa-ke, uJesu wenza umehluko kuLazaru futhi wamvusa. Wayezokufa futhi ngokuzayo, bese alindela uvuko ngosuku lokugcina. 

Isiphetho

UJesu Kristu, indodana kaNkulunkulu, njengomkhulumeli kaNkulunkulu akafundisanga lutho oluphambene nenkolelo ye-1st Ama-Century amaJuda okwakungukuthi kuzoba nokuvuka kwabafileyo emhlabeni ngosuku lokugcina [isahlulelo]. Kwakungekho mqondo ofundiswa nguJesu wanoma yimuphi umuntu ovuselwa ezulwini njengezidalwa zomoya.

Kulolu chungechunge kuze kube manje, sesihlolile:

  • Izinkolelo nemibhalo yozalo lukaMongameli kanye noMose.
  • Izinkolelo nemibhalo yamaHubo, uSolomoni kanye nabaProfethi.
  • Izinkolelo ze-1st AmaJuda Ekhulu Leminyaka.
  • Izinkolelo nezimfundiso zikaJesu Kristu, iNdodana kaNkulunkulu.

Ngokwenza kanjalo sithole ukuthi zonke lezi zivivinyo zikhombisa ukuthi laba babenenkolelo yempilo engapheliyo, nokuvuka babuyiselwe ekuphileni [emhlabeni], kepha hhayi umbono wethemba lokuphila ezulwini. Ngabe abaphostoli ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ngemuva kokufa nokuvuka kukaJesu bafundisa noma yini okuhlukile noma okuguqukayo kulokhu kukholwa? Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma kunjalo baba negunya lokwenza kanjalo?

Yilokhu esizohlola ngakho esihlokweni sethu sesihlanu salolu chungechunge. Yini labaPhostoli ababeyifundisa futhi beyikholelwa?

ISICELO ESIBALULEKILE: Kuyacelwa ukuthi noma yikuphi ukuphawula (okwamukelwa kahle kakhulu) kugcinwe ezincwadini zeBhayibheli kanye nesikhathi esihlanganiswe yile ndatshana. Lonke iBhayibheli lizombozwa ngezigaba ngakho-ke abalobi beBhayibheli bakamuva nezikhathi bazombozwa ngama-athikili akamuva futhi kungaba yindawo engcono kakhulu yokubeka imibono efanele kulezo zingxenye.

_________________________________________________________________

[i] Sicela ubheke Ingxenye 1 yalolu chungechunge.

[Ii] Sicela ubheke Ingxenye 1 yalolu chungechunge.

[Iii] Sicela ubheke Ingxenye 1 yalolu chungechunge.

[Iv] Ibinzana elithi “ngosuku lokugcina”, liphinde livame ukuhunyushwa ngokuthi “ngosuku lokugcina” nelithi “ngosuku lokugcina” kwezinye izinguqulo.

[V] Okuthile okushiwo noma kwenziwa 'kathathu' eBhayibhelini kuvame ukugcizelela ukuthi bekuqondile noma kukhona okuqinisekisiwe.

[vi] Okuthile okushiwo noma (ukwenziwa) 'amahlandla ayisikhombisa' eBhayibhelini kuvame ukuchaza ukuphelela kwasezulwini.

[vii] Isithasiselo, siyatholakala ngesicelo.

[viii] Sicela ubheke Ingxenye 1 yalolu chungechunge.

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