Uhambo Olufanele Luyaqala

“Uhambo Lokutholwa Ngokuhamba Nge sikhathi” uqobo luqala ngalesi sihloko sesine. Siyakwazi ukuqala "i-safari yethu yokutholwa" sisebenzisa izibonakaliso nemininingwane yemvelo esiyitholile equkethe ukufingqwa kwamaChapter e-Bhayibheli kusuka emaqeshini (i-2) kanye ne (3) kulolu chungechunge kanye nokutholwa okubalulekile okwenziwe ekuhloleni “Imibuzo Yokuzindla ”Isigaba kumbhalo (3).

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi lolu hambo kulula ukululandela, imibhalo ecutshungulwayo futhi kuxoxwe ngayo ngokuvamile izocashunwa iphelele ukuze ireferensi kalula, okwenza ukuba kufundwe kabusha nokuphindwayo kwengqikithi nokubhalwe phansi kwengqikithi kanye nombhalo kungenzeka. Kuliqiniso, umfundi ukhuthazeka ngokuqinile ukuthi afunde lezi ndima eBhayibhelini ngokuqondile uma kungenzeka, okungenani kanye.

Kulesi sihloko sizohlola futhi sithole:

  • Waqala nini ukudingiswa?
    • UHezekeli, izahluko ezahlukahlukene
    • U-Esther 2
    • UJeremiah 29 & 52
    • UMathewu 1
  • Iziprofetho Zangaphambili Zigcwaliswe yimicimbi yokudingiswa kwamaJuda bese ziyabuya
    • Levitikusi 26
    • UDuteronomi 4
    • Amakhosi we-1 8
  • Amavesi ngamanye emiBhalo ebalulekile
    • UJeremia 27 - iminyaka engu-70 yobugqila eyabikezelwa kwaJuda nezizwe
    • UJeremia 25 - IBabiloni lalizobikwa, liphetha iminyaka ye-70

Ukutholwa Okusemqoka

I-1. Waqala nini ukudingiswa?

Umbuzo obaluleke kakhulu okufanele ucatshangwe uwukuthi: Baqala nini ukudingiswa?

Ngokuvamile kucatshangwa ukuthi ukudingiswa kwamaJuda kwaqala ngokubhujiswa kweJerusalema nguNebukadinesari ku-11th unyaka kaZedekiya futhi waphela ngokubuya kwamaJuda kwaJuda naseJerusalema ngesimemezelo sikaKoresi ku-1 yakhest ngonyaka.

Kodwa-ke, ithini imibhalo ngalokhu?

Hezekeli

UHezekeli ubhekisela ngokusobala ekudingisweni njengoba kuqala ngokuxoshwa kukaJehoyakini, okwenzeka iminyaka eyi-11 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kokugcina kweJerusalema, nokususwa kukaZedekiya njengeNkosi.

  • UHezekeli 1: 2 "ngonyaka wesihlanu wokudingiswa kweNkosi uJehoyakini"[i]
  • UHezekeli 8: 1 "ngonyaka wesithupha ” [Ii]
  • Hezekeli 20: 1 “Ngonyaka wesikhombisa”
  • Hezekeli 24: 1 "Ngonyaka wesishiyagalolunye 10th inyanga 10th usuku ” ukuvimbezela kuqala iJerusalema. (9th unyaka uZedekiya)
  • UHezekeli 29: 1 "ngonyaka weshumi ”
  • UHezekeli 26: 1 "Futhi kwenzeka ngonyaka weshumi nanye ” izizwe eziningi ezizokuhlasela iTire. Ivesi 7, uJehova uzoletha uNebukadinesari ngokumelene neTire.
  • UHezekeli 30: 20; I-31: 1 "ngonyaka weshumi nanye ”
  • UHezekeli 32: 1, 17 "Ngonyaka weshumi nambili ... sokudingiswa kwethu"
  • Hezekeli 33: 21 "Kwenzeka ku-12th unyaka ku-10th inyanga kwi-5th ngosuku lafika kimi osindile eJerusalema ethi 'Umuzi ubhidlikile'. ”
  • UHezekeli 40: 1 "ngonyaka wamashumi amabili nanhlanu wokudingiswa kwethu, ekuqaleni konyaka, kwi-10th usuku lwenyanga ku-14th unyaka emva kokubhujiswa komuzi ”
  • UHezekeli 29: 17 "ngonyaka wamashumi amabili nesikhombisa ”

Esther

U-Esther 2: 5, 6 ukhuluma ngo “UMoridekayi, indodana kaKishi, owayedingiselwe eJerusalema kanye nabantu ababedingisiwe bathunjwa noJekonia (uJehoyakini) inkosi yakwaJuda uNebukadinesari inkosi yaseBabele amdingisela kuye."

UJeremiya 29

UJeremia 29: 1, 2, 4, 14, 16, 20, 22, 30. Lesi sahluko sabhalwa kwi-4th Unyaka kaZedekiya. La mavesi aqukethe izikhombo eziningi zokudingiswa, kubhekiselwa ngokusobala kulawo asevele eseBabiloni ngesikhathi sokubhala. Abathunjwa yilabo ababedingiselwe uJehoachin 4 eminyakeni edlule.

UJeremiya 52

UJeremiya 52: 28-30 “Bathunjwa: ngonyaka wesikhombisa, ama-3,023 amaJuda; kwi-18th [Iii] unyaka uNebukadinesari,… 832; kwi-23rd unyaka kaNebukadinesari, imiphefumulo ye-745 ”. Qaphela: Inani elikhulu kakhulu labadingisiwe lalise-7th (regnal) unyaka kaNebukadinesari (ukudingiswa kukaJehoyakini noHezekeli). (La mavesi abukeka njengamavesi ongezelayo ukuqeda le ndaba futhi aqukethe imininingwane enganikezeli ngesikhathi uJeremiya ebhala i-akhawunti yakhe. UJeremiya wayengeke akwazi ukufinyelela kwizibalo zabathunjwa, kanti uDaniel noma u-Ezra babenokuthola imininingwane yamarekhodi aseBabiloni Lezi zibalo. Kubonakala sengathi incwadi kaJeremiya isebenzisa ukuqomisana kwabaseGibhithe lapho kubusa uNebukadinesari, yingakho iminyaka kaNebukadinesari okukhulunywa ngayo ngonyaka ka-1 ngokulandelana kunezibhebhe zobumba ze-cuneiform zomcimbi (we).[Iv] Le minyaka okukhulunywe ngayo ibonakala iyimali eyengeziwe eyiswa ekudingisweni mhlawumbe ekuqaleni kokuvinjezelwa kweN7 kaNebukadinesarith unyaka ngokudingiswa okuyinhloko kukaJehoyakini okwenzeka inyanga noma ezimbili kamuva kwengxenye yokuqala ye-8 kaNebukadinesari.th unyaka. Ngokufanayo, i-18th unyaka kungenzeka ukuthi labo bathunjwa besuka emadolobheni angaphandle athathwe ekubalekeni kokuvinjezelwa kokugcina kweJerusalema okwenzeka ku-19th unyaka kaNebukadinesari. I-23rd Ukudingiswa konyaka kungenzeka kubhekisele kulabo abathunjiwe abalekele eGibhithe ngenkathi iGibhithe ihlaselwa futhi eminyakeni embalwa kamuva.

Mathewu

UMathewu 1: 11, 12 “UJosiya wazala uJekonia (uJehoyakini) nabafowabo ngesikhathi sokudingiselwa[V] IBabiloni. Ngemuva kokudingiselwa eBhabheli, uJekonia wazala uSalatiyeli. "

Qaphela: Ngenkathi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywe ngakho kungabalulekanga ngokuqondile ngokuthi ngaleso sikhathi sikaJekonia (uJehoyakini), njengoba eyisisekelo sokugxila kule ndima, ngakho-ke kunengqondo ukuqonda ukuthi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywa ngakho yilokho okwenzeka ngenkathi yena uqobo waxoshwa. Akunangqondo ukuphetha ngokuthi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywa ngakho kuzokwenzeka esikhathini esizayo, njenge-11 kaZedekiyath unyaka, ikakhulukazi kumongo kaJeremia 52: 28 eshiwo ngenhla.

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 1: Elithi “ukudingiselwa” libhekisela ekudingisweni kukaJehoyakini. Lokhu kwenzeka eminyakeni eyi-11 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kweJerusalema noJuda. Bona ikakhulukazi uHezekeli 40: 1, lapho uHezekeli ethi iJerusalema lawela eminyakeni engu-14 ngaphambili kwi-25th unyaka wokudingiswa, unikeza idethi ye-11th unyaka wokudingiselwa ekubhujisweni kweJerusalema noHezekeli 33: 21 lapho ithola khona izindaba zokubhujiswa kweJerusalema kwi-12th unyaka ne-10th inyanga cishe unyaka ngokulandelayo.

Ukudingiswa okuncane kwenzeka ngasekupheleni kokubusa kukaZedekiya ngokubhujiswa kweJerusalema kanye nokudingiswa okuncane eminyakeni ethile ye-5 kamuva, cishe kusuka eGibhithe.[vi]

I-2. Iziprofetho Zangaphambili Zigcwaliswe yimicimbi yokudingiswa kwamaJuda bese ziyabuya

ILevitikus 26: 27, 34, 40-42 - Ukuphendula isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

"27'Kodwa-ke, uma ungangilaleli ngalokhu futhi nje kufanele nihambe ngokumelene nami, 28 Khona-ke kuzodingeka ngihambe ngokumelene nani ngenkani, futhi, yebo, mina, kuyomelwe nginishaye kasikhombisa ngenxa yezono zenu. ',' '34Mina, ngiyokwenza izwe libe yincithakalo, futhi izitha zakho ezihlala kulo zimane ziyibuke isimangele. Wena ngizokuhlakazela phakathi kwezizwe… izwe lakho libe yincithakalo, nemizi yakho ibe yincithakalo. Ngaleso sikhathi izwe liyokhokha amaSabatha alo zonke izinsuku zokuphanziswa kwalo, lapho usezweni lezitha zakho. Ngaleso sikhathi izwe ligcina iSabatha, njengoba kufanele likhokhe amaSabatha alo. Zonke izinsuku zokuphanziswa kwalo liyogcina iSabatha, ngesizathu sokuthi aligcinanga iSabatha phakathi namasabatha akho lapho uhlala kulo. ' “40Ngokuqinisekile bazosivuma isiphambeko sabo nephutha laboyise ngokungathembeki kwabo lapho beziphatha ngokungathembeki kimi…41… Mhlawumbe ngaleso sikhathi inhliziyo yabo engasokile iyothotshiswa, ngaleso sikhathi bayokhokha isiphambeko sabo. 42Futhi ngizosikhumbula isivumelwano sami noJakobe. ”

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 2: Kwabikezelwa eminyakeni eyi-900 ngaphambili ukuthi ngenxa yokwenqaba ukulalela uJehova, amaJuda azosakazeka. Lokhu kwenzeke nge

  • (1a) U-Israyeli wasakazeka e-Asiriya kwathi ngemuva kwalokho
  • (1b) UJuda phezu kwe-Asiriya neBabele
  • (2) Kwaphinde kwaxwayiswa ukuthi umhlaba uzokwenziwa incithakalo, ngabe wawungubani, nokuthi ngenkathi uchithwa
  • (I-3) yayizokhokha iminyaka ye-Sabatha elahlekile.

Akukho sikhathi esichaziwe, futhi yonke le micimbi eyehlukene ye3 (ukusakazeka, incithakalo, ukukhokha amaSabatha) yenzeka.

UDUTERONOMI 4: 25-31 - Ukuphenduka isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

“Uma kungenzeka uzale amadodana nabazukulu futhi uhlale isikhathi eside ezweni wenza ngendlela ebhubhisayo wenza isithombe esibaziweyo, uhlobo lwanoma yini, wenze okubi emehlweni kaJehova uNkulunkulu wakho kumcasule, 26 Ngithatha njengofakazi ngokumelene nani namuhla amazulu nomhlaba, ukuthi nakanjani nizoshabalala ngokushesha okuphume ezweni eniwela iJordani ukulidla ifa. Ngeke zandise izinsuku zakho kulo, ngoba nakanjani uzobhujiswa. 27 Ngokuqinisekile uJehova uzonihlakaza phakathi kwezizwe, futhi impela niyoshiywa nimbalwa phakathi kwezizwe uJehova azonixosha kuzo. 28 Lapho futhi kuyodingeka nikhonze onkulunkulu, umkhiqizo wezandla zomuntu, ukhuni netshe, okungenakubona noma ukuzwa noma ukudla noma ukuhogela. 29 “Uma nimfuna lapho uJehova uNkulunkulu wakho esuka lapho, ngokuqinisekile uzomthola, ngoba uzomfuna ngayo yonke inhliziyo yakho nangawo wonke umphefumulo wakho. 30 Lapho usebunzimeni obukhulu futhi wonke la mazwi esekutholile ekupheleni kwezinsuku, khona-ke kuyomelwe ubuyele kuJehova uNkulunkulu wakho futhi ulalele izwi lakhe. 31 Ngoba uJehova uNkulunkulu wakho unguNkulunkulu onesihe. Ngeke akulahle noma akonakalise, noma akhohlwe isivumelwano sokhokho bakho awafunga kubo. ”

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 2 (cont.): Kudluliswa umyalezo ofanayo kulo mbhalo kulokho okukuLevitikusi. Ama-Israyeli azosakazeka, futhi abaningi babulawa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwakuyodingeka baphenduke ngaphambi kokuba uJehova abenzele isihe. Nakulokhu futhi, isikhathi asikhulunywa. Kodwa-ke, umbhalo usho ukuthi ukuphela kokusakazeka kwakuyoncika ekuphendukeni kwabo.

Amakhosi we-1 8: 46-52 - Ukuphenduka isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

"46 “Uma kwenzeka bakona kuwe (ngoba akekho umuntu ongoni), futhi kufanele uthukuthele kubo ubanikele esitheni, futhi abathumbi babo empeleni babathumele ezweni lesitha kude noma eduzane; 47 futhi bayabuya babuye ezweni labo abathunjiwe, empeleni babuye futhi bacele kuwe umusa ezweni labathumbi babo, bethi, 'Sonile futhi sonile, senze kabi' ; 48 futhi empeleni babuyela kuwe ngenhliziyo yabo yonke nangawo wonke umphefumulo wabo ezweni lezitha zabo abazithumbile, futhi bathandaza kuwe ngokuqondile ezweni labo olinikeze okhokho babo, idolobha el ngiyikhethile nendlu engiyakhele igama lakho; 49 futhi kufanele uzwe usezulwini, indawo yakho yokuhlala emisiwe, umthandazo wabo nesicelo sabo somusa, futhi kufanele ukhiphe isahlulelo kubo, 50 futhi kufanele uthethelele abantu bakho abonile kuwe nazo zonke iziphambeko zabo bona ngazo. futhi kufanele ubenze babe nesihe phambi kwabathumbi babo futhi kufanele babazwele 51 (Ngoba bangabantu bakho nefa lakho, obakhuphile eGibhithe, ngaphakathi kwensimbi isithando somlilo), 52 ukuze amehlo akho avuleke isicelo somusa wenceku yakho nesicelo somusa sabantu bakho u-Israyeli, ngokubalalela kukho konke abakubizayo."

Ukuqinisekiswa kwenombolo ye-2 ye-Discovery Main: Le ndima yombhalo iqukethe umyalezo ofanayo kuLevitikusi nakuDuteronomi. Kwabikezelwa ukuthi ama-Israyeli ayokona kuJehova.

  • Ngakho-ke, wayezobasakaza futhi abaxoshe.
  • Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwakuyodingeka baphenduke ngaphambi kokuba uJehova alalele futhi ababuyisele.
  • Isiphetho sokudingiswa sasincike ekuphendukeni, hhayi isikhathi sesikhathi.

Ukuhlaziywa kwemibhalo esemqoka

I-3. UJeremia 27: 1, 5-7: Iminyaka yokuSebenza ye70 ibikezelwe

Isikhathi esabhalwa: cishe iminyaka eyi-22 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kweJerusalema nguNebukadinesari

UmBhalo: “1Ekuqaleni kombuso kaJehoyakimi indodana kaJosiya, inkosi yakwaJuda, leli zwi lafika kuJeremiya livela kuJehova, lathi: ','5 'Mina ngokwami ​​ngenzile umhlaba, abantu nezilwane ezisebusweni bomhlaba ngamandla ami amakhulu nangengalo yami eyeluliwe; futhi ngiyinikile lowo kuye kwabonakala kulungile emehlweni ami. 6 Manje mina uqobo nginikele wonke la mazwe esandleni sikaNebukhadinezari inkosi yaseBabele, inceku yami; ngisho nezilo zasendle ngizinikile ukuba zimkhonze. 7 Zonke izizwe kufanele zimkhonze yena nendodana yakhe nomzukulu wakhe kuze kufike isikhathi sezwe lakhe, futhi izizwe eziningi namakhosi amakhulu kufanele zimxhaphaze njengenceku. '

8 “'“' Kuyothi isizwe nombuso ongamkhonzi, uNebukhadinezari inkosi yaseBabiloni; nalowo ongeke afake intamo yakhe ngaphansi kwejoka lenkosi yaseBabele, ngenkemba nangendlala nangesifo esiwumshayabhuqe ngiyophendukela kuleso sizwe, 'kusho uJehova,' ngize ngibe aqede ngesandla sakhe.''

Ngasekuqaleni kokubusa kukaJehoyakimi, (i-v1 ithi “Ekuqaleni kombuso kaJehoyakimi”), imibhalo esevesini 6, ithi wonke amazwe uJuda, u-Edomi, njll., ayenikelwe esandleni sikaNebukadinesari nguJehova. Ngisho nezilo zasendle (ngokuhlukile UDaniel 4: 12, 24-26, 30-32, 37 futhi UDaniel 5: 18-23) banikezwa

  • ukumkhonza,
  • indodana yakhe (u-Evil-Merodach, owaziwa nangokuthi u-Amel-Marduk, inkosi yaseBabiloni) no
  • umzukulu wakhe[vii] (UBelishasari, indodana kaNabonidus[viii] Inkosi yaseBabiloni, yayiyinkosi esebenzayo yaseBabiloni ekubhujisweni kwayo)
  • kuze kufike isikhathi sezwe lakhe [iBabiloni].
  • Igama lesiHeberu “seshith"Isho" ukuqala "njengasekuqaleni" noma "kuqala" kunokuba "ekuqaleni".

Ivesi 6 ithi “Manje mina [Jehova] nginikele wonke la mazwe esandleni sikaNebukadinesari” okukhombisa ukuthi isenzo sokupha sesivele senzekile, uma kungenjalo amagama athi "ngizobe senginikeza" ngokuzayo. Bona futhi isiqinisekiso esinikezwe ku Amakhosi we-2 24: 7 lapho umlando uveza ukuthi kamuva nje, ngesikhathi sokufa kukaJehoyakimi, inkosi yaseGibhithe yayengeke iphume ezweni layo, futhi lonke izwe kusukela eSigodini SaseGibithe kuze kufike ku-Ewufrathe lalawulwa ngaphansi kukaNebukadinesari. .

(Uma bekungunyaka woku-1 kaJehoyakimi, uNebukadinesari wayezoba yinkosana yomqhele kanye nomphathi omkhulu webutho laseBabiloni (izikhulu zomqhele zazivame ukubukwa njengamakhosi, ikakhulukazi njengoba zingumlandeli omisiwe), lapho eba yinkosi kulaword Unyaka kaJehoyakimi).

UJuda, u-Edomi, uMowabi, u-Amoni, iTire neSidoni ngakho-ke base bengaphansi kokubusa kukaNebukadinesari ngalesi sikhathi.

Ivesi 7 ligcizelela lokhu lapho lithi “Futhi zonke izizwe kufanele zimkhonze"Futhi okubonisa ukuthi izizwe kuzofanele ziqhubeke nokusebenzela, uma kungenjalo leli vesi lizobe lisho (esikhathini esizayo)" futhi zonke izizwe kuzofanele zimkhonze ". To "Mkhonze, indodana yakhe, nendodana yendodana yakhe (umzukulu)" kusho isikhathi eside, esizophela uma "isikhathi somhlaba wakhe sifikile, futhi izizwe eziningi namakhosi amakhulu kufanele zimxhaphaze '”. Ngakho-ke, ukuphela kokugqilazwa kwabezizwe kubandakanya uJuda, kwakuzoba ekuweni kweBabiloni, okwenzeka ngo-539 BCE, hhayi ngesikhathi esingacacisiwe kamuva (isib. 537 BCE). Ukugqilazwa kukaKoresi noMediya-Persia akuzange kufakwe kulesi siprofetho.

Konke ukugcizelelwa kwalesi sigaba kwakusebenza ekugqilazweni yiBabiloni, elalivele liqalile, futhi elalizophela ngeBabiloni uqobo liyogqilazwa. Lokhu kwenzeka ngokubuswa yiMediya-Persia, iGrisi, neRoma ngaphambi kokucekelwa phansi ngokuphelele.

Umdwebo 4.3 Ukuqala nobude besikhathi sokukhonza eBabele

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 3: Iminyaka engu-70 yokusebenzela iBhabheli yabikezela, kusukela ekuqaleni kokubusa kukaJehoyakimi.

4. UJeremiya 25: 9-13 - 70 iminyaka servvery kuqediwe; IBhabheli ilandise.

Isikhathi Esabhalwa: Iminyaka engu-18 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kweJerusalema nguNebukadinesari

UmBhalo: "1Izwi elafika kuJeremiya maqondana nabo bonke abantu bakwaJuda ngonyaka wesine kaJehoyakimi indodana kaJosiya, inkosi yakwaJuda, okungukuthi, unyaka wokuqala kaNebukhadirezari inkosi waseBabiloni;

“Ngakho-ke yilokhu uJehova wamabutho akushilo, '“ Ngenxa yokuthi anizange nilalele amazwi ami, 9 bheka ngiyathumela futhi ngizothatha yonke imindeni yasenyakatho, ”kusho uJehova,“ yebo [ngithumela] kuNebukhadirezari inkosi yaseBabele, inceku yami, ngiyobaletha kulokhu izwe kanye nezakhamuzi zalo nakuzo zonke lezi zizwe ezizungezile; ngizobanikela ekubhujisweni ngibenze into yokumangaza nento yokushayela ikhwelo nezindawo ezichithwe kuze kube nini nanini. 10 Ngiyakuqeda phakathi kwabo umsindo wokwethaba nomsindo wokuthokoza, izwi lomyeni nezwi lomakoti, umsindo wokugaya kwesandla nokukhanya kwesibani. 11 Futhi wonke lo mhlaba uyoba yindawo ebhuqiwe, into eshaqisayo, futhi lezi zizwe kufanele zikhonze inkosi yaseBabele iminyaka engamashumi ayisikhombisa. ”'

12 “'Kuyothi lapho iminyaka engamashumi ayisikhombisa igcwalisekile ngiyobika enkosini yaseBabele nangaleso sizwe,' kusho uJehova, 'isiphambeko sabo, ngisho nasezweni lamaKhaledi, Ngizowenza incithakalo kuze kube nini nanini. 13 Ngizoletha phezu kwalelozwe wonke amazwi ami engiwakhulume ngokumelene nalo, yebo konke okulotshwe kule ncwadi uJeremiya akuprofethile ezizweni zonke. 14 Ngoba nabo uqobo, izizwe eziningi namakhosi amakhulu, bazixhaphaze njengezinceku; futhi ngizobabuyisela ngokomsebenzi wabo nangokomsebenzi wezandla zabo. '"

Ku-4th unyaka kaJehoyakimi, uJeremiya waprofetha ukuthi iBabiloni lalizolandiswa ngezenzo zalo lapho kuphela iminyaka engama-70. Waprofeta “futhi wonke lo mhlaba uyoncipha ube yincithakalo futhi ube yinto ethusayo; futhi lezizizwe kuzofanele zikhonze inkosi yaseBabele iminyaka engama-70. (13) Kepha lapho uneminyaka engama-70 zigcwalisiwe (ngigcwalisile), ngizobiza inkosi yaseBabele nalesosizwe ngesiphambeko saso, kusho uJehova, ngenze izwe lamaKhaledi libe yincithakalo yonke indawo".

"Lezi zizwe kuzofanele zikhonze iNkosi yaseBabele iminyaka engama-70 ”

Kwakuyini "Lezi zizwe" lokho bekuzodingeka ukuthi kukhonze iNkosi yaseBabele iminyaka engama-70? Ivesi 9 lathi “lomhlaba .. nangokumelana nazo zonke lezi zizwe ezizungezile. ” Ivesi 19-25 liyaqhubeka libala uhlu lwezizwe ezizungezile: “UFaro inkosi yaseGibithe… onke amakhosi ezwe lase-Uzi… amakhosi ezwe lamaFilisti,… u-Edomi noMowabi namadodana ka-Amoni; nawo wonke amakhosi aseTire nase… Sidoni… noDedani, noTema, noBuzi… nawo onke amakhosi ama-Arabhu… nawo wonke amakhosi aseZimri… u-Elamu no… amaMede."

Kungani uJeremiya ayalwa ukuba aprofethe ukuthi iBabiloni lalizolandisa lapho kuphela iminyaka engama-70? UJeremiya uthi,ngephutha labo”. Kwakungenxa yokuziqhenya kweBabiloni nokuziqhenya kwakhe ekuhlaseleni abantu bakaNkulunkulu, noma ngabe uJehova wayebavumela ukuba bahlawulele uJuda nezizwe ezazibazungezile.

Imishwana ethi “kuzofanele ngikhonze ” futhi "kufanele”Zisesikhathini esifanele esikhombisa ukuthi lezi zizwe (ezibalwe emavesini alandelayo) kuzofanela zisebenze ukuqeda iminyaka engama-70. Ngakho-ke, uJuda nezinye izizwe babevele bengaphansi kokubuswa yiBabiloni, bezikhonza futhi kwakufanele ziqhubeke nokwenza lokho kuze kuqedwe le nkathi yeminyaka engama-70 eqhubekayo. Bekungeyona inkathi yesikhathi esizayo engakaqalwa. Lokhu kufakazelwa yi-v12 ekhuluma ngokuthi isikhathi seminyaka engama-70 siqedwa.

UJeremiya 28 ubhala ukuthi ku-4th unyaka kaZedekiya wokuthi uHananiya, umporofidi, anikeze isiprofetho samanga sokuthi uJehova uzophula ijoka leNkosi yaseBabele kungakapheli iminyaka emibili. UJeremiya 28:11 ubuye futhi akhombise ukuthi ijoka lalikhonaintamo yazo zonke izizwe ”, hhayi uJuda nje ngaleso sikhathi.

Iminyaka engamashumi ayisikhombisa nayo yayizophela, lapho isiqediwe, yagcwaliseka.

Kwakuzokwenzeka nini lokhu? Ivesi 13 lithi kwakuzothi lapho iBabylari ibizolandiswa, hhayi ngaphambili nangemva kwalokho.

IBabiloni labizwa nini?

UDaniel 5: 26-28 uloba izenzakalo zobusuku bokuwa kweBabiloni: “Ngibala izinsuku zombuso wakho futhi ngikuqedile,… usikaliwe ezilinganisweni futhi watholakala uswele,… umbuso wakho uhlukanisiwe wanikezwa amaMede namaPheresiya. ” Kusetshenziswa usuku olwamukelwa kabanzi maphakathi no-Okthoba 539 BCE[ix] ngokuwa kweBabiloni sengeza iminyaka engama-70 okusibuyisela emuva ku-609 BCE. Ukubhujiswa nokubhujiswa kwabikezelwa ngoba abaseJudiya abawulalelanga umyalo kaJehova wokukhonza iBabele (bona uJeremia 25: 8[X]) noJeremiya 27: 7[xi] bathi bazo “khonzani iBhabheli kuze kufike isikhathi sabo (iBhabhiloni)".

Ukuthatha u-Okthoba 539 BCE futhi singeze emuva kweminyaka engama-70, sifika ku-609 BCE. Ngabe kukhona okuphawulekayo kwenzeka ngo-609 BCE / 608 BCE? [xii] Yebo, kubonakala sengathi ukuguquka koMbuso Wombuso kusuka embonweni weBhayibheli, kusuka e-Asiriya kuya eBhabheli, kwenzeka lapho uNabopalassar nendodana yakhe eyiNkosana Yomqhele, uNebukadinesari ethatha iHarran, idolobha lokugcina lase-Asiriya futhi ephula amandla alo. Inkosi yokugcina yase-Asiriya, u-Ashur-uballit III wabulawa kungakapheli nonyaka ngonyaka ka-608 BCE kwathi i-Asiriya layeka ukuba yisizwe esihlukile.

I-Fig. 4.4: 70 - iminyaka engu-XNUMX yokukhonza eBabiloni, iBabylona layilandisa

Inombolo 4 Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko: IBabiloni lalizobikwa ekugcineni kweminyaka engama-70 yobugqila. Lokhu kwenzeka ngosuku esikwazi ngalo njengoba ngo-Okthoba 539 BC ngokusho kukaDaniel 5 okusho ukuthi ubugqila kwakufanele buqale ngo-Okthoba 609 BC.

Ingxenye yesihlanu yochungechunge lwethu izoqhubeka "nohambo lwethu lokutholwa ngesikhathi", sibheke amavesi abalulekile kuJeremiya 25, 28, 29, 38, 42 kanye noHezekeli 29. Zilungiselele njengoba okutholakele kusiza futhi kushesha.

Uhambo Lokutholwa Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi - Ingxenye 5

[i] The 5th unyaka wokudingiswa kukaJehoyakini u-5th Unyaka kaZedekiya.

[Ii] Qaphela: Njengoba lezi zahluko kufanele / zifundwe njengengxenye yencwadi eyodwa (umqulu), bekungeke kudingekile ukuthi uHezekeli aqhubeke ephinda ibinzana elithi “ekudingisweni kukaJehoyakini ”. Lokhu kuzosho ukuthi esikhundleni salokho.

[Iii] Ngokusobala uJeremiya 52: 28-30 ubhekisela ekudingisweni okwathathwa kwamanye amadolobha akwaJuda ngaphambi kokuvinjezelwa kweJerusalema njengoba zonke izinyanga zisekudingisweni okukhulu okubhaliwe eNcwadini yamaKhosi kanye neziKronike nakwezinye izindawo kuJeremiya.

[Iv] Sicela ubheke i-athikili 1 yalolu chungechunge ngengxoxo yamakhalenda neminyaka ye-regnal.

[V] Isigatshana sesiGreki lapha ngokunembile sisho ukuthi "yiBabiloni" okusho ukuthi yiBabiloni hhayi "iBabiloni", bheka i-Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Greek (1969)

[vi] Bona UJeremiya 52

[vii] Akucaci noma ngabe leli binzana lalisho ukuthi lingumzukulu noma inzalo yangempela, noma izizukulwane zohlu lwamakhosi kusuka kuNebukadinesari. UNeriglissar walandela indodana kaNebukadinesari u-Evil (Amil) -Marduk futhi waba ngumkhwenyana kaNebukadinesari. Indodana kaNeriglissar, uLabashi-Marduk, ubusa cishe izinyanga eziyi-9 ngaphambi kokuba ithathelwe isikhundla nguNabonidus. Kuphakathi kwencazelo evumelana namaqiniso futhi ngenxa yalokho kufeza isiprofetho. Bheka eyesi-2 IziKronike 36:20nezinceku zakhe namadodana akhe ”.

[viii] UNabonidus mhlawumbe wayengumkhwenyana kaNebukadinesari njengoba kukholakala ukuthi waphinde washada nendodakazi kaNebukadinesari.

[ix] Ngokusho kweNabonidus Chronicle (isibhebhe sobumba se-cuneiform) ukuwa kweBabylon bekungomhlaka-16th usuku lukaTasritu (waseBabiloni), (ngesiHeberu - uTishri) olingana ne13th Okthoba.

[X] UJeremiya 25: 8 "Ngakho-ke yilokhu uJehova wamabutho akushilo, '“Ngenxa yokuthi anizange nilalele amazwi ami,”

[xi] UJeremiya 27: 7 "Zonke izizwe kufanele zimkhonze yena nendodana yakhe nomzukulu wakhe kuze kufike isikhathi sezwe lakhe, futhi izizwe eziningi namakhosi amakhulu kufanele zimxhaphaze njengenceku. ”

[xii] Lapho sicaphuna izinsuku zokulandelana kwezikhathi zezwe ngalesi sikhathi emlandweni kudingeka siqaphele ukuthi zisho izinsuku ngokwezinga elithile ngoba akuvamile ukuthi kube nokuvumelana okugcwele ngomcimbi othile owenzeka ngonyaka othile. Kulombhalo ngisebenzise ukulandelana kwezikhathi ezithandwayo kwemicimbi engeyona eyebhayibheli ngaphandle kokuthi kuchazwe ngenye indlela.

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