Uhambo Olufanele Luyaqala

“Uhambo Lokutholwa Ngokuhamba Nge sikhathi” uqobo luqala ngalesi sihloko sesine. Siyakwazi ukuqala "i-safari yethu yokutholwa" sisebenzisa izibonakaliso nemininingwane yemvelo esiyitholile equkethe ukufingqwa kwamaChapter e-Bhayibheli kusuka emaqeshini (i-2) kanye ne (3) kulolu chungechunge kanye nokutholwa okubalulekile okwenziwe ekuhloleni “Imibuzo Yokuzindla ”Isigaba kumbhalo (3).

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi lolu hambo kulula ukululandela, imibhalo ecutshungulwayo futhi kuxoxwe ngayo ngokuvamile izocashunwa iphelele ukuze ireferensi kalula, okwenza ukuba kufundwe kabusha nokuphindwayo kwengqikithi nokubhalwe phansi kwengqikithi kanye nombhalo kungenzeka. Kuliqiniso, umfundi ukhuthazeka ngokuqinile ukuthi afunde lezi ndima eBhayibhelini ngokuqondile uma kungenzeka, okungenani kanye.

Kulesi sihloko sizohlola futhi sithole:

  • Waqala nini ukudingiswa?
    • UHezekeli, izahluko ezahlukahlukene
    • U-Esther 2
    • UJeremiah 29 & 52
    • UMathewu 1
  • Iziprofetho Zangaphambili Zigcwaliswe yimicimbi yokudingiswa kwamaJuda bese ziyabuya
    • Levitikusi 26
    • UDuteronomi 4
    • Amakhosi we-1 8
  • Amavesi ngamanye emiBhalo ebalulekile
    • UJeremia 27 - iminyaka engu-70 yobugqila eyabikezelwa kwaJuda nezizwe
    • UJeremia 25 - IBabiloni lalizobikwa, liphetha iminyaka ye-70

Ukutholwa Okusemqoka

I-1. Waqala nini ukudingiswa?

Umbuzo obaluleke kakhulu okufanele ucatshangwe uwukuthi: Baqala nini ukudingiswa?

Ngokuvamile kucatshangwa ukuthi ukudingiswa kwamaJuda kwaqala ngokubhujiswa kweJerusalema nguNebukadinesari ku-11th unyaka kaZedekiya futhi waphela ngokubuya kwamaJuda kwaJuda naseJerusalema ngesimemezelo sikaKoresi ku-1 yakhest ngonyaka.

Kodwa-ke, ithini imibhalo ngalokhu?

Hezekeli

UHezekeli ubhekisela ngokusobala ekudingisweni njengoba kuqala ngokuxoshwa kukaJehoyakini, okwenzeka iminyaka eyi-11 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kokugcina kweJerusalema, nokususwa kukaZedekiya njengeNkosi.

  • UHezekeli 1: 2 "ngonyaka wesihlanu wokudingiswa kweNkosi uJehoyakini"[i]
  • UHezekeli 8: 1 "ngonyaka wesithupha ” [Ii]
  • Hezekeli 20: 1 “Ngonyaka wesikhombisa”
  • Hezekeli 24: 1 "Ngonyaka wesishiyagalolunye 10th inyanga 10th usuku ” ukuvimbezela kuqala iJerusalema. (9th unyaka uZedekiya)
  • UHezekeli 29: 1 "ngonyaka weshumi ”
  • UHezekeli 26: 1 "Futhi kwenzeka ngonyaka weshumi nanye ” izizwe eziningi ezizokuhlasela iTire. Ivesi 7, uJehova uzoletha uNebukadinesari ngokumelene neTire.
  • UHezekeli 30: 20; I-31: 1 "ngonyaka weshumi nanye ”
  • UHezekeli 32: 1, 17 "Ngonyaka weshumi nambili ... sokudingiswa kwethu"
  • Hezekeli 33: 21 "Kwenzeka ku-12th unyaka ku-10th inyanga kwi-5th ngosuku lafika kimi osindile eJerusalema ethi 'Umuzi ubhidlikile'. ”
  • UHezekeli 40: 1 "ngonyaka wamashumi amabili nanhlanu wokudingiswa kwethu, ekuqaleni konyaka, kwi-10th usuku lwenyanga ku-14th unyaka emva kokubhujiswa komuzi ”
  • UHezekeli 29: 17 "ngonyaka wamashumi amabili nesikhombisa ”

Esther

U-Esther 2: 5, 6 ukhuluma ngo “UMoridekayi, indodana kaKishi, owayedingiselwe eJerusalema kanye nabantu ababedingisiwe bathunjwa noJekonia (uJehoyakini) inkosi yakwaJuda uNebukadinesari inkosi yaseBabele amdingisela kuye."

UJeremiya 29

UJeremia 29: 1, 2, 4, 14, 16, 20, 22, 30. Lesi sahluko sabhalwa kwi-4th Unyaka kaZedekiya. La mavesi aqukethe izikhombo eziningi zokudingiswa, kubhekiselwa ngokusobala kulawo asevele eseBabiloni ngesikhathi sokubhala. Abathunjwa yilabo ababedingiselwe uJehoachin 4 eminyakeni edlule.

UJeremiya 52

UJeremiya 52: 28-30 “Bathunjwa: ngonyaka wesikhombisa, ama-3,023 amaJuda; kwi-18th [Iii] unyaka uNebukadinesari,… 832; kwi-23rd unyaka kaNebukadinesari, imiphefumulo ye-745 ”. Qaphela: Inani elikhulu kakhulu labadingisiwe lalise-7th (regnal) unyaka kaNebukadinesari (ukudingiswa kukaJehoyakini noHezekeli). (La mavesi abukeka njengamavesi ongezelayo ukuqeda le ndaba futhi aqukethe imininingwane enganikezeli ngesikhathi uJeremiya ebhala i-akhawunti yakhe. UJeremiya wayengeke akwazi ukufinyelela kwizibalo zabathunjwa, kanti uDaniel noma u-Ezra babenokuthola imininingwane yamarekhodi aseBabiloni Lezi zibalo. Kubonakala sengathi incwadi kaJeremiya isebenzisa ukuqomisana kwabaseGibhithe lapho kubusa uNebukadinesari, yingakho iminyaka kaNebukadinesari okukhulunywa ngayo ngonyaka ka-1 ngokulandelana kunezibhebhe zobumba ze-cuneiform zomcimbi (we).[Iv] Le minyaka okukhulunywe ngayo ibonakala iyimali eyengeziwe eyiswa ekudingisweni mhlawumbe ekuqaleni kokuvinjezelwa kweN7 kaNebukadinesarith unyaka ngokudingiswa okuyinhloko kukaJehoyakini okwenzeka inyanga noma ezimbili kamuva kwengxenye yokuqala ye-8 kaNebukadinesari.th unyaka. Ngokufanayo, i-18th unyaka kungenzeka ukuthi labo bathunjwa besuka emadolobheni angaphandle athathwe ekubalekeni kokuvinjezelwa kokugcina kweJerusalema okwenzeka ku-19th unyaka kaNebukadinesari. I-23rd Ukudingiswa konyaka kungenzeka kubhekisele kulabo abathunjiwe abalekele eGibhithe ngenkathi iGibhithe ihlaselwa futhi eminyakeni embalwa kamuva.

Mathewu

UMathewu 1: 11, 12 “UJosiya wazala uJekonia (uJehoyakini) nabafowabo ngesikhathi sokudingiselwa[V] IBabiloni. Ngemuva kokudingiselwa eBhabheli, uJekonia wazala uSalatiyeli. "

Qaphela: Ngenkathi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywe ngakho kungabalulekanga ngokuqondile ngokuthi ngaleso sikhathi sikaJekonia (uJehoyakini), njengoba eyisisekelo sokugxila kule ndima, ngakho-ke kunengqondo ukuqonda ukuthi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywa ngakho yilokho okwenzeka ngenkathi yena uqobo waxoshwa. Akunangqondo ukuphetha ngokuthi ukuxoshwa okukhulunywa ngakho kuzokwenzeka esikhathini esizayo, njenge-11 kaZedekiyath unyaka, ikakhulukazi kumongo kaJeremia 52: 28 eshiwo ngenhla.

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 1: Elithi “ukudingiselwa” libhekisela ekudingisweni kukaJehoyakini. Lokhu kwenzeka eminyakeni eyi-11 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kweJerusalema noJuda. Bona ikakhulukazi uHezekeli 40: 1, lapho uHezekeli ethi iJerusalema lawela eminyakeni engu-14 ngaphambili kwi-25th unyaka wokudingiswa, unikeza idethi ye-11th unyaka wokudingiselwa ekubhujisweni kweJerusalema noHezekeli 33: 21 lapho ithola khona izindaba zokubhujiswa kweJerusalema kwi-12th unyaka ne-10th inyanga cishe unyaka ngokulandelayo.

Ukudingiswa okuncane kwenzeka ngasekupheleni kokubusa kukaZedekiya ngokubhujiswa kweJerusalema kanye nokudingiswa okuncane eminyakeni ethile ye-5 kamuva, cishe kusuka eGibhithe.[vi]

I-2. Iziprofetho Zangaphambili Zigcwaliswe yimicimbi yokudingiswa kwamaJuda bese ziyabuya

ILevitikus 26: 27, 34, 40-42 - Ukuphendula isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

"27'Kodwa-ke, uma ungangilaleli ngalokhu futhi nje kufanele nihambe ngokumelene nami, 28 Khona-ke kuzodingeka ngihambe ngokumelene nani ngenkani, futhi, yebo, mina, kuyomelwe nginishaye kasikhombisa ngenxa yezono zenu. ',' '34Mina, ngiyokwenza izwe libe yincithakalo, futhi izitha zakho ezihlala kulo zimane ziyibuke isimangele. Wena ngizokuhlakazela phakathi kwezizwe… izwe lakho libe yincithakalo, nemizi yakho ibe yincithakalo. Ngaleso sikhathi izwe liyokhokha amaSabatha alo zonke izinsuku zokuphanziswa kwalo, lapho usezweni lezitha zakho. Ngaleso sikhathi izwe ligcina iSabatha, njengoba kufanele likhokhe amaSabatha alo. Zonke izinsuku zokuphanziswa kwalo liyogcina iSabatha, ngesizathu sokuthi aligcinanga iSabatha phakathi namasabatha akho lapho uhlala kulo. ' “40Ngokuqinisekile bazosivuma isiphambeko sabo nephutha laboyise ngokungathembeki kwabo lapho beziphatha ngokungathembeki kimi…41… Mhlawumbe ngaleso sikhathi inhliziyo yabo engasokile iyothotshiswa, ngaleso sikhathi bayokhokha isiphambeko sabo. 42Futhi ngizosikhumbula isivumelwano sami noJakobe. ”

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 2: Kwabikezelwa eminyakeni eyi-900 ngaphambili ukuthi ngenxa yokwenqaba ukulalela uJehova, amaJuda azosakazeka. Lokhu kwenzeke nge

  • (1a) U-Israyeli wasakazeka e-Asiriya kwathi ngemuva kwalokho
  • (1b) UJuda phezu kwe-Asiriya neBabele
  • (2) Kwaphinde kwaxwayiswa ukuthi umhlaba uzokwenziwa incithakalo, ngabe wawungubani, nokuthi ngenkathi uchithwa
  • (I-3) yayizokhokha iminyaka ye-Sabatha elahlekile.

Akukho sikhathi esichaziwe, futhi yonke le micimbi eyehlukene ye3 (ukusakazeka, incithakalo, ukukhokha amaSabatha) yenzeka.

UDUTERONOMI 4: 25-31 - Ukuphenduka isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

“Uma kungenzeka uzale amadodana nabazukulu futhi uhlale isikhathi eside ezweni wenza ngendlela ebhubhisayo wenza isithombe esibaziweyo, uhlobo lwanoma yini, wenze okubi emehlweni kaJehova uNkulunkulu wakho kumcasule, 26 Ngithatha njengofakazi ngokumelene nani namuhla amazulu nomhlaba, ukuthi nakanjani nizoshabalala ngokushesha okuphume ezweni eniwela iJordani ukulidla ifa. Ngeke zandise izinsuku zakho kulo, ngoba nakanjani uzobhujiswa. 27 Ngokuqinisekile uJehova uzonihlakaza phakathi kwezizwe, futhi impela niyoshiywa nimbalwa phakathi kwezizwe uJehova azonixosha kuzo. 28 Lapho futhi kuyodingeka nikhonze onkulunkulu, umkhiqizo wezandla zomuntu, ukhuni netshe, okungenakubona noma ukuzwa noma ukudla noma ukuhogela. 29 “Uma nimfuna lapho uJehova uNkulunkulu wakho esuka lapho, ngokuqinisekile uzomthola, ngoba uzomfuna ngayo yonke inhliziyo yakho nangawo wonke umphefumulo wakho. 30 Lapho usebunzimeni obukhulu futhi wonke la mazwi esekutholile ekupheleni kwezinsuku, khona-ke kuyomelwe ubuyele kuJehova uNkulunkulu wakho futhi ulalele izwi lakhe. 31 Ngoba uJehova uNkulunkulu wakho unguNkulunkulu onesihe. Ngeke akulahle noma akonakalise, noma akhohlwe isivumelwano sokhokho bakho awafunga kubo. ”

Inombolo Yokutholwa Okuyinhloko 2 (cont.): Kudluliswa umyalezo ofanayo kulo mbhalo kulokho okukuLevitikusi. Ama-Israyeli azosakazeka, futhi abaningi babulawa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwakuyodingeka baphenduke ngaphambi kokuba uJehova abenzele isihe. Nakulokhu futhi, isikhathi asikhulunywa. Kodwa-ke, umbhalo usho ukuthi ukuphela kokusakazeka kwakuyoncika ekuphendukeni kwabo.

Amakhosi we-1 8: 46-52 - Ukuphenduka isidingo esikhulu sokubuyiselwa ekudingisweni - hhayi isikhathi

"46 “Uma kwenzeka bakona kuwe (ngoba akekho umuntu ongoni), futhi kufanele uthukuthele kubo ubanikele esitheni, futhi abathumbi babo empeleni babathumele ezweni lesitha kude noma eduzane; 47 futhi bayabuya babuye ezweni labo abathunjiwe, empeleni babuye futhi bacele kuwe umusa ezweni labathumbi babo, bethi, 'Sonile futhi sonile, senze kabi' ; 48 futhi empeleni babuyela kuwe ngenhliziyo yabo yonke nangawo wonke umphefumulo wabo ezweni lezitha zabo abazithumbile, futhi bathandaza kuwe ngokuqondile ezweni labo olinikeze okhokho babo, idolobha el ngiyikhethile nendlu engiyakhele igama lakho; 49 futhi kufanele uzwe usezulwini, indawo yakho yokuhlala emisiwe, umthandazo wabo nesicelo sabo somusa, futhi kufanele ukhiphe isahlulelo kubo, 50 futhi kufanele uthethelele abantu bakho abonile kuwe nazo zonke iziphambeko zabo bona ngazo. futhi kufanele ubenze babe nesihe phambi kwabathumbi babo futhi kufanele babazwele 51 (Ngoba bangabantu bakho nefa lakho, obakhuphile eGibhithe, ngaphakathi kwensimbi isithando somlilo), 52 ukuze amehlo akho avuleke isicelo somusa wenceku yakho nesicelo somusa sabantu bakho u-Israyeli, ngokubalalela kukho konke abakubizayo."

Ukuqinisekiswa kwenombolo ye-2 ye-Discovery Main: Le ndima yombhalo iqukethe umyalezo ofanayo kuLevitikusi nakuDuteronomi. Kwabikezelwa ukuthi ama-Israyeli ayokona kuJehova.

  • Ngakho-ke, wayezobasakaza futhi abaxoshe.
  • Ngaphezu kwalokho, kwakuyodingeka baphenduke ngaphambi kokuba uJehova alalele futhi ababuyisele.
  • Isiphetho sokudingiswa sasincike ekuphendukeni, hhayi isikhathi sesikhathi.

Ukuhlaziywa kwemibhalo esemqoka

I-3. UJeremia 27: 1, 5-7: Iminyaka yokuSebenza ye70 ibikezelwe

Isikhathi esabhalwa: cishe iminyaka eyi-22 ngaphambi kokubhujiswa kweJerusalema nguNebukadinesari

UmBhalo: “1Ekuqaleni kombuso kaJehoyakimi indodana kaJosiya, inkosi yakwaJuda, leli zwi lafika kuJeremiya livela kuJehova, lathi: ','5 'Mina ngokwami ​​ngenzile umhlaba, abantu nezilwane ezisebusweni bomhlaba ngamandla ami amakhulu nangengalo yami eyeluliwe; futhi ngiyinikile lowo kuye kwabonakala kulungile emehlweni ami. 6 Manje mina uqobo nginikele wonke la mazwe esandleni sikaNebukhadinezari inkosi yaseBabele, inceku yami; ngisho nezilo zasendle ngizinikile ukuba zimkhonze. 7 Zonke izizwe kufanele zimkhonze yena nendodana yakhe nomzukulu wakhe kuze kufike isikhathi sezwe lakhe, futhi izizwe eziningi namakhosi amakhulu kufanele zimxhaphaze njengenceku. '

8 “'“' Kuyothi isizwe nombuso ongamkhonzi, uNebukhadinezari inkosi yaseBabiloni; nalowo ongeke afake intamo yakhe ngaphansi kwejoka lenkosi yaseBabele, ngenkemba nangendlala nangesifo esiwumshayabhuqe ngiyophendukela kuleso sizwe, 'kusho uJehova,' ngize ngibe aqede ngesandla sakhe.''

Ngasekuqaleni kokubusa kukaJehoyakimi, (i-v1 ithi “Ekuqaleni kombuso kaJehoyakimi”), imibhalo esevesini 6, ithi wonke amazwe uJuda, u-Edomi, njll., ayenikelwe esandleni sikaNebukadinesari nguJehova. Ngisho nezilo zasendle (ngokuhlukile UDaniel 4: 12, 24-26, 30-32, 37 futhi UDaniel 5: 18-23) banikezwa

  • ukumkhonza,
  • indodana yakhe (u-Evil-Merodach, owaziwa nangokuthi u-Amel-Marduk, inkosi yaseBabiloni) no
  • umzukulu wakhe[vii] (UBelishasari, indodana kaNabonidus[viii] Inkosi yaseBabiloni, yayiyinkosi esebenzayo yaseBabiloni ekubhujisweni kwayo)
  • kuze kufike isikhathi sezwe lakhe [iBabiloni].
  • Igama lesiHeberu “seshith"Isho" ukuqala "njengasekuqaleni" noma "kuqala" kunokuba "ekuqaleni".

Ivesi 6 ithi “And now I myself {Jehovah] have given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar” indicating the action of giving has already taken place, otherwise the wording would be future “I will give”. See also confirmation given at 2 Kings 24:7 where the record states that at the latest, by the time of the death of Jehoiakim, the King of Egypt would not come out of his land, and all the land from the Torrent Valley of Egypt to the Euphrates was brought under the control of Nebuchadnezzar.

(If it was Year 1 of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar would have been crown prince and chief general of the Babylonian army (crown princes were often viewed as kings, especially as they were the appointed successor), as he became king in the 3rd Year of Jehoiakim).

Judah, Edom, Moab, Ammon, Tyre and Sidon were therefore already under the domination of Nebuchadnezzar serving him at this time.

Verse 7 emphasises this when it states “And all the nations must serve even him” again indicating the nations would have to continue serving, otherwise the verse would state (in future tense) “and all the nations will have to serve him”. To “serve him, his son, and his son’s son (grandson)” implies a long period of time, which would only end when “the time even of his own land comes, and many nations and great kings must exploit him’”. Therefore, the end of the servitude of the nations including Judah, would be at Babylon’s fall, which took place in 539 BCE, not at some unspecified time afterward (e.g. 537 BCE). Servitude to Cyrus and Medo-Persia was not included in this prophecy.

The whole emphasis of this section was on servitude to Babylon, which had already started, and which would end with Babylon itself going under servitude. This occurred with domination by Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome before completely fading into obscurity and abandonment.

Fig 4.3 Start and duration of Servitude to Babylon

Main Discovery Number 3: 70 years of servitude to Babylon foretold, starting early in Jehoiakim’s reign.

4. Jeremiah 25:9-13 – 70 Years servitude completed; Babylon called to account.

Time Written: 18 years before Jerusalem’s Destruction by Nebuchadnezzar

Scripture: 1The word that occurred to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Je·hoiʹa·kim the son of Jo·siʹah, the king of Judah, that is, the first year of Neb·u·chad·rezʹzar the king of Babylon;’

“Therefore this is what Jehovah of armies has said, ‘“For the reason that YOU did not obey my words, 9 here I am sending and I will take all the families of the north,” is the utterance of Jehovah, “even [sending] to Neb·u·chad·rezʹzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I will bring them against this land and against its inhabitants and against all these nations round about; and I will devote them to destruction and make them an object of astonishment and something to whistle at and places devastated to time indefinite. 10 And I will destroy out of them the sound of exultation and the sound of rejoicing, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the hand mill and the light of the lamp. 11 And all this land must become a devastated place, an object of astonishment, and these nations will have to serve the king of Babylon seventy years.”’

12 “‘And it must occur that when seventy years have been fulfilled I shall call to account against the king of Babylon and against that nation,’ is the utterance of Jehovah, ‘their error, even against the land of the Chal·deʹans, and I will make it desolate wastes to time indefinite. 13 And I will bring in upon that land all my words that I have spoken against it, even all that is written in this book that Jeremiah has prophesied against all the nations. 14 For even they themselves, many nations and great kings, have exploited them as servants; and I will repay them according to their activity and according to the work of their hands.’

In the 4th year of Jehoiakim, Jeremiah prophesied that Babylon would be called to account for its actions at the completion of 70 years. He prophesied “and all this land will be reduced to ruins and will become an object of horror; and these nations will have to serve the king of Babylon for 70 years. (13) But when 70 years have been fulfilled (completed), I will call to account the king of Babylon and that nation for their error, declares Jehovah, and I will make the land of the Chaldeans a desolate wasteland for all time”.

These nations will have to serve the King of Babylon for 70 years”

What were “these nations” that would have to serve the King of Babylon for 70 years? Verse 9 stated it was “this land .. and against all these nations around about.” Verse 19-25 goes on to list the nations round about: “Pharaoh the King of Egypt … all the kings of the land of Uz … the kings of the land of the Philistines, … Edom and Moab and the sons of Ammon; and all the kings of Tyre and … Sidon … and Dedan and Tema and Buz… and all the kings of the Arabs … and all the kings of Zimri … Elam and … Medes.

Why was Jeremiah instructed to prophesy that Babylon would called to account after the completion of 70 years? Jeremiah says, “for their error”. It was because of Babylon’s pride and presumptuous actions in attacking God’s people, even though Jehovah was allowing them to bring punishment on Judah and the surrounding nations.

The phrases “will have to serve” and “shall” are in the perfect tense indicating these nations (listed in following verses) would have to complete the action of serving the 70 years. Therefore, Judah and the other nations were already under the Babylonian domination, serving them and would have to continue doing so until completion of this period of 70 years in progress. It was not a future period of time not yet started. This is confirmed by v12 talking about when the 70-year period was completed.

Jeremiah 28 records how in the 4th year of Zedekiah that Hananiah, a prophet, gave a false prophecy that Jehovah would break the yoke of the King of Babylon within two years. Jeremiah 28:11 also shows that the yoke was on “the neck of all the nations”, not just Judah already at that time.

The seventy years would also end, having been completed, fulfilled.

When would this occur? Verse 13 states it would be when Babylon was called to account, not before and not after.

When was Babylon called to Account?

Daniel 5:26-28 records the events of the night of the fall of Babylon: “I have number the days of your kingdom and finished it, … you have been weighed in the balances and found deficient, … your kingdom has been divided and given to the Medes and Persians.” Using the generally accepted date of mid-October 539 BCE[ix] for the fall of Babylon we add 70 years which takes us back to 609 BCE. The devastations and destruction were foretold because the Judeans did not obey Jehovah’s command to serve Babylon (see Jeremiah 25:8[x]) and Jeremiah 27:7[xi] stated they would “serve Babylon until their (Babylon’s) time comes”.

Taking October 539 BCE and adding back 70 years, we get to 609 BCE. Did anything significant happen in 609 BCE / 608 BCE? [xii] Yes, it seems that the shift of the World Power from the Bible’s point of view, from Assyria to Babylon, took place when Nabopalassar and his Crown Prince son, Nebuchadnezzar took Harran, the last remaining city of Assyria and broke its power. Assyria’s last King, Ashur-uballit III was killed within little over a year in 608 BCE and Assyria ceased to exist as a separate nation.

Fig 4.4 – 70 Years Servitude to Babylon, Babylon called to account

Main Discovery Number 4: Babylon would be called to account at the end of 70 years servitude. This occurred in the date we know as October 539 BC according to Daniel 5 meaning the servitude had to have started in October 609 BC.

The fifth part of our series will continue with our “Journey of Discovery through Time”, considering important verses in Jeremiah 25, 28, 29, 38, 42 and Ezekiel 29. Be prepared as the discoveries come thick and fast.

[i] The 5th year of the exile of Jehoiachin equates to the 5th Year of Zedekiah.

[ii] Note: As these chapters were / are to be read as part of one book (scroll), it would not be necessary for Ezekiel to keep repeating the phrase “of the exile of Jehoiachin”. This would be implied instead.

[iii] Jeremiah 52:28-30 likely refers to exiles taken from other towns of Judah before the sieges of Jerusalem as they are all only months before the main exiles recorded in the Book of Kings and Chronicles and elsewhere in Jeremiah.

[iv] Please see article 1 of this series for a discussion of calendars and regnal years.

[v] Greek Phrase here is correctly “of Babylon” i.e. by Babylon not “to Babylon”, see Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures (1969)

[vi] See Jeremiah 52

[vii] It is unclear whether this phrase was meant to be a literal grandson or offspring, or the generations of a line of kings from Nebuchadnezzar. Neriglissar succeeded Nebuchadnezzar’s son Evil (Amil)-Marduk and was also a son-in-law to Nebuchadnezzar. Neriglissar’s son Labashi-Marduk rule only about 9 months before being succeeded by Nabonidus. Either explanation fits the facts and hence fufills the prophecy. See 2 Chronicles 36:20 “servants to him and his sons”.

[viii] Nabonidus was probably a son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar as it is believed he also married a daughter of Nebuchadnezzar.

[ix] According to the Nabonidus Chronicle (a cuneiform clay tablet) the Fall of Babylon was on the 16th day of Tasritu (Babylonian), (Hebrew – Tishri) equivalent to 13th October.

[x] Jeremiah 25:8 Therefore this is what Jehovah of armies has said, ‘“For the reason that YOU did not obey my words,”

[xi] Jeremiah 27:7 And all the nations must serve even him and his son and his grandson until the time even of his own land comes, and many nations and great kings must exploit him as a servant.”

[xii] When quoting secular chronology dates at this time period in history we need to be careful in stating dates categorically as there is rarely a full consensus on a particular event occurring in a particular year. In this document I have used popular secular chronology for non-biblical events unless otherwise stated.

Tadua

Articles by Tadua.