Ngisanda kuthenga incwadi ebhukhiwe enesihloko Yini eGameni? Umsuka Wamagama Esiteshi eLondon Underground.[1] Iphathelene nomlando wawo wonke amagama angama-270 eziteshi zaseLondon Underground (tube network). Ukuphenya amakhasi, kwacaca ukuthi amagama anemvelaphi ethokozisayo kakhulu e-Anglo Saxon, Celtic, Norman noma kwezinye izimpande. Amagama achaza into ethile yomlando wendawo futhi anikeza ukuqonda okujulile.

Ingqondo yami yaqala ukucabanga ngamagama nokubaluleka kwawo. Kule ndatshana, ngizohlola isici esithile samagama ezinkolweni zobuKristu. Kunenani elikhulu kakhulu lamahlelo obuKristu. Ngincamela ukusebenzisa igama elithi ihlelo, hhayi amahlelo noma amasonto, njengoba lokhu kunencazelo engemihle. Inhloso yami ngokubhala ukukhuthaza ukucabanga nenkulumo.

Lo mbhalo ubheka ukubaluleka kwamagama empilweni yansuku zonke bese uhlola nencazelo yamanye amagama amahlelo, futhi ikakhulukazi uhlola ihlelo elilodwa elaziwa njengoFakazi BakaJehova. Leli hlelo likhethwa ngoba igama labo laqalwa ngo-1931. Baziwa ngokuguqula abantu emphakathini nokubaluleka kwabo abakunamathela egameni. Ekugcineni, kuzokwenziwa ukuhlolwa ngombono weBhayibheli wokusetshenziswa kwaleli gama.

Ukubaluleka Kwamagama

Nazi izibonelo ezimbili emhlabeni wamanje webhizinisi wokubaluleka kwamagama ezimpawu. UGerald Ratner wethule inkulumo ku- Royal Albert Hall ngomhla ka-23 Ephreli 1991 njengengxenye yengqungquthela yaminyaka yonke ye-IOD lapho asho khona okulandelayo mayelana nemikhiqizo yamaRatners '(the jewelers):

“Siphinde futhi senze ama-cut-glass sherry decanters agcwaliswe ngezingilazi eziyisithupha kuthileyi elifakwe isiliva lapho umphathi wakho wezitsha angakupha khona iziphuzo, konke lokhu kungu- £ 4.95. Abantu bathi, 'Ungakuthengisa kanjani lokhu ngentengo ephansi kangaka?' Ngithi, 'Ngoba kungukukhwabanisa okuphelele.' ”[2]

Okunye umlando. Le nkampani yacekelwa phansi. Amakhasimende awasalithembi igama lomkhiqizo. Igama laba nobuthi.

Isibonelo sesibili yileso engizibonele mathupha; bekubandakanya nezinkinga ze-iPhone antenna ezidumile. I-iPhone 4 ikhishwe ngo-2010 futhi kwaba nephutha lapho ibeka khona izingcingo.[3] Lokhu bekungamukeleki njengoba lo mkhiqizo umele umkhiqizo omusha, isitayela, ukwethenjelwa nokunakekelwa kwamakhasimende okuseqophelweni eliphezulu. Emasontweni ambalwa okuqala, i-Apple ibingayivumi inkinga futhi ibiba izindaba ezinhle. USteve Jobs ongasekho ungenelele ngemuva kwamasonto ayisithupha wavuma ngalolu daba wabe esethatha icala lokulungisa ifoni. Ukungenelela bekuwukonga igama lenkampani.

Abazali abalindele ukuthi umntwana osanda kuzalwa bacabangele kakhulu igama. Igama lizodlala indima ekuchazeni isimilo nesiphetho saleyo ngane. Kungafaka phakathi intela esihlotsheni esithandwa kakhulu, noma umuntu ovelele empilweni, njll. Ngokuvamile impikiswano enkulu evuthayo emayelana nokumemeza nayo ingahileleka. Labo abavela e-Afrika bavame ukunika izingane amagama ama-3 noma ama-4 ukumela umndeni, isizwe, usuku lokuzalwa, njll.

Ezweni lamaJuda, kunomcabango wokuthi uma into ingabizwa ngegama ayikho. Ngokwencwadi ethile: “Igama lesiHeberu elisho umphefumulo neshamah. Maphakathi nalelo gama, izinhlamvu ezimbili eziphakathi, ngqi futhi mem, yenza izwi shem, NgesiHeberu 'igama.' Igama lakho liyisihluthulelo somphefumulo wakho. ”[4]

Konke lokhu kukhombisa ukuthi igama libaluleke kanjani kubantu nasemisebenzini eyahlukahlukene eliyenzayo.

UbuKrestu Namahlelo Akhe

Zonke izinkolo ezinkulu zinamahlelo ahlukahlukene, futhi lezi zivame ukuchazwa ngamagama anikezwe ukunyakaza okuhlukile nezikole zemicabango. UbuKrestu yibo obuzogxila kakhulu engxoxweni. Onke amasonto abiza uJesu njengomsunguli wawo futhi aphethe iBhayibheli njengendawo eyisisekelo sokukhomba nomthombo wegunya. ISonto LamaKatolika nalo lifuna isiko lesonto, ngenkathi labo abavela empandeni yamaProthestani bezophikelela I-Sola Scriptura.[5] Izimfundiso zingahluka, kepha zonke zithi "zingezobuKrestu", futhi zivame ukusho ukuthi ezinye azizona "ezobuKrestu". Kuphakama imibuzo: Kungani ungazibizi ngomKristu? Kungani kunesidingo sokubizwa ngokunye?

  1. Kusho ukuthini ubuKhatholika?
    Umsuka wesiGreki wegama elithi "Katolika" lisho ukuthi "ngokuya (kata-) lonke (holos)," noma ngaphezulu, "jikelele".[6] Ngesikhathi sikaConstantine, leli gama lalisho isonto lendawo yonke. Ngemuva kokwehlukana namasonto obu-Orthodox baseMpumalanga, sekusetshenziswa — kusukela ngo-1054 CE — isonto eliseRoma elinoPapa njengenhloko yalo. Leli gama empeleni lisho lonke noma indawo yonke. Igama lesiNgisi elithi isonto livela egameni lesiGriki elithi "Kyriakos" elisho ukuthi "ongoweNkosi".[7]Umbuzo uthi: Ngabe umKristu akasuye oweNkosi? Ngabe umuntu kufanele aziwe ukuthi ungumKatolika ukuze abe yilungu?
  2. Kungani kufanele ubizwe ngomBaptist?
    Izazi-mlando zilandelela isonto lokuqala elibhalwe ukuthi "iBaptist" emuva ku-1609 e-Amsterdam nge Isihlukanisi sesiNgisi UJohn Smyth njengomfundisi wayo. Leli bandla eliguquliwe lalikholelwa kwinkululeko kanembeza, ukwehlukaniswa kwesonto nombuso, nokubhapathizwa kuphela kwamakholwa okuzithandela, aqondayo.[8] Leli gama livela ekwenqabelweni kokubhapathizwa kwezinsana kanye nokucwiliswa okugcwele komuntu omdala ukuze abhapathizwe. Ngabe abalandeli bakaJesu ababhapathizwa eBhayibhelini babaziwa ngokuthi amaBaptist noma amaKrestu?
  3. Ivelaphi igama elithi Quaker?
    Insizwa egama layo UGeorge Fox wayenganelisekile ngezimfundiso zika Isonto laseNgilandi nabangewona ama-conformists. Wayenesambulo sokuthi, “kukhona oyedwa, ngisho, uKristu Jesu, ongakhuluma ngesimo sakho”.[9]Ngo-1650, uFox walethwa phambi kwezimantshi uGervase Bennet noNathaniel Barton, babekwa icala lokuhlambalaza inkolo. Ngokusho komlando kaGeorge Fox, uBennet “wayengowokuqala owasibiza ngamaQuaker, ngoba ngababiza bethuthumela ngezwi leNkosi”. Kucatshangwa ukuthi uGeorge Fox wayekhuluma ngo-Isaya 66: 2 noma u-Ezra 9: 4. Ngakho-ke, igama elithi Quaker laqala njengendlela yokuhlekisa ngesiyalo sikaGeorge Fox, kepha lamukelwa kabanzi futhi lisetshenziswa ngamanye amaQuaker. AmaQuaker nawo azichaze esebenzisa amagama anjengobuKristu beqiniso, amaSanta, Izingane Zokukhanya, nethi Abangane beQiniso, akhombisa amagama asetshenziswa eTestamenteni Elisha ngamalungu esonto lokuqala lamaKrestu.[10]Lapha igama elinikiwe lalingelokuhlekwa usulu kepha lokhu kwehluka kanjani kumKristu waseTestamenteni Elisha? Ngabe lawo maKristu okukhulunywa ngawo eBhayibhelini awazange abhekwe usulu nokushushiswa ngenxa yokholo lwawo?

Onke amagama angenhla ayindlela yokukhomba umehluko ezinqubweni zokukholelwa. Ngabe iBhayibheli liyalukhuthaza lolu hlobo lokuhlonza phakathi kwamaKristu ekukhanyeni kwabase-Efesu 4: 4-6:[11]

“Munye umzimba, nomoya munye, njengalokho nabizelwa ethembeni linye lokubizwa kwenu; yinye iNkosi, yinye inkolo, munye umbhapathizo; uNkulunkulu munye noYise wabo bonke, ophezu kwabo bonke, okubo bonke, ophakathi kwabo bonke. ”

UbuKristu bekhulu lokuqala kubonakala sengathi abugxilanga emagameni ahlukene.

Lokhu kugcizelelwa ngokwengeziwe encwadini evela kuMphostoli uPawulu eya ebandleni laseKorinte. Kwakukhona ukwahlukana kodwa abazange baphendukele ekudaleni amagama; bavele bazihlanganisa nothisha abahlukile njengoba kukhonjisiwe ku-1 Korinte 1: 11-13:

“Ngoba abanye bendlu kaKlowe bangitshele ngani, bafowethu, ukuthi kukhona ukungezwani phakathi kwenu. Engikushoyo yilokhu, ukuthi yilowo nalowo kini uthi: “Mina ngingokaPawulu,” “Kepha mina ngingoka-Apholo,” “Mina ngingokaKhefase,” “Kepha mina ngingokaKristu.” UKristu wehlukene phakathi na? UPawulu akazange abulawelwe esigxotsheni ngenxa yenu, akunjalo? Noma nabhapathizwa egameni likaPawulu na? ”

Lapha uPawulu ulungisa ukwahlukana kodwa noma kunjalo, bonke babesenegama elilodwa kuphela. Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi amagama uPaul, u-Apholo noCephas amele amasiko amaRoma, amaGrikhi namaJuda. Lokhu bekungaba nomthelela nakwezinye zezigaba.

Manje ake sicabangele i-20th Ihlelo lekhulu leminyaka negama lalo.

OFakazi BakaJehova

Ngo-1879 uCharles Taze Russell (Pastor Russell) washicilela uhlelo lokuqala lwe- IZion's Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence. Kwakunamakhophi ayizi-6,000 aqala ukuphrintwa akhula njengoba iminyaka iqhubeka. Labo ababhalisela lo magazini kamuva baba ekklesia noma amabandla. Ngesikhathi eshona ngo-1916 kulinganiselwa ukuthi amabandla angaphezu kuka-1,200 XNUMX ayemvotele njengo “Pastor” wawo. Lokhu kwaziwa ngokuthi yi-Bible Student Movement noma ngezinye izikhathi abaFundi BeBhayibheli Bomhlaba Wonke.

Ngemuva kokushona kukaRussell, uJoseph Franklin Rutherford (uMahluleli Rutherford) waba nguMongameli wesibili we-Watchtower kanye ne-Bible Tract Society (WTBTS) ngo-1916. Kwalandela uqhekeko phakathi kwebhodi labaqondisi nabaFundi BeBhayibheli abahlukahlukene abahlukana emakamu ahlukahlukene. Konke lokhu kubhalwe kabanzi.[12]

Njengoba amaqembu ayehlukanisiwe, kwakunesidingo sokukhomba nokuhlukanisa iqembu lasekuqaleni elisahlotshaniswa ne-WTBTS. Lokhu kwakhulunywa ngo-1931 njengoba kushiwo encwadini OFakazi BakaJehova - Abamemezeli BoMbuso KaNkulunkulu[okubili]:

“Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, kwaya ngokuya kucaca ukuthi ngaphezu kwebizo elithi umKristu, ibandla lezinceku zikaJehova lalilidinga ngempela igama elihlukanisayo. Incazelo yegama elithi Christian yayisontekile engqondweni yomphakathi ngoba abantu ababezisholo ukuthi bangamaKristu babevame ukuba nokuncane noma bangazi nhlobo ukuthi uJesu Kristu ungubani, yini ayeyifundisa, nokuthi kwakufanele ngabe benza ini uma babengabalandeli bakhe ngempela. Ngaphezu kwalokho, njengoba abafowethu bethuthuka ekuqondeni kwabo iZwi likaNkulunkulu, babona ngokucacile isidingo sokwehluka nokuhluka kulezi zinhlangano zenkolo ezazikhohlisa ngokuthi zingezobuKristu. ”

Isahlulelo esithakazelisa kakhulu senziwa njengoba sithi igama elithi "umKrestu" seliphambukisiwe ngakho-ke kwavela isidingo sokuzihlukanisa "nobuKrestu obukhohlisayo".

Abamemezeli iyaqhubeka:

“… Ngo-1931, samukela igama elihlukanisa ngempela oFakazi BakaJehova. Umlobi uChandler W. Sterling ubiza lokhu ngokuthi “ukuhlakanipha okukhulu” kukaJ. F. Rutherford, owayengumongameli we-Watch Tower Society ngaleso sikhathi. Njengoba lowombhali ayebheka lolu daba, lesi kwakuyisinyathelo esihlakaniphile esasingagcini ngokunikeza igama elisemthethweni leqembu kodwa futhi sakwenza kwaba lula ngabo ukuhumusha zonke izinkomba eziseBhayibhelini ezithi “ufakazi” nokuthi “ukufakaza” njengezisebenza ngokukhethekile koFakazi BakaJehova. ”

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi uChandler W. Sterling wayenguNgqongqoshe wase-Episcopalian (umbhishobhi kamuva) futhi ongomunye “wobuKrestu obukhohlisayo” nguyena odumisa kangaka. Ukudumisa kungenxa yobuhlakani bendoda, kepha akukho okukhulunywa ngakho ngesandla sikaNkulunkulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, lowo mfundisi uthi lokhu kwakusho ukusebenzisa amavesi eBhayibheli ngokuqondile koFakazi BakaJehova, okusho ukuthi babezama ukwenza iBhayibheli lilingane nalokho ababekwenza.

Isahluko siyaqhubeka nengxenye yesinqumo:

“UKUTHI sinothando olukhulu ngoMfoweth 'uCharles T. Russell, ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe, nokuthi siyavuma ngenjabulo ukuthi iNkosi imsebenzisile futhi iwubusise kakhulu umsebenzi wayo, nokho asikwazi ngokuvumelana neZwi likaNkulunkulu ukuvuma ukubizwa ngegama 'AbakwaRussellites'; ukuthi i-Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society kanye ne-International Bible Students Association kanye ne-Peoples Pulpit Association kumane kungamagama ezinhlangano okuyinkampani yabantu abangamaKrestu esiziphetheyo, esizilawulayo nesizisebenzisayo ukwenza umsebenzi wethu ngokulalela imiyalo kaNkulunkulu, kepha akukho yalawa magama anamathele ngokufanele noma asebenze kithina njengomzimba wamaKristu olandela ezinyathelweni zeNkosi noMphathi wethu, uKristu Jesu; ukuthi singabafundi beBhayibheli, kepha, njengendikimba yamaKrestu eyakha inhlangano, siyenqaba ukuthatha noma ukubizwa ngegama elithi 'AbaFundi BeBhayibheli' noma amagama afanayo njengendlela yokukhomba isikhundla sethu esifanele phambi kweNkosi; siyenqaba ukuthwala noma ukubizwa ngegama lanoma yimuphi umuntu;

“UKUTHI, njengoba sathengwa ngegazi eliyigugu likaJesu Kristu iNkosi noMhlengi wethu, silungisisiwe futhi sazalwa nguJehova uNkulunkulu futhi sabizelwa embusweni wakhe, simemezela ngokungananazi konke ukuthembeka nokuzinikela kwethu kuJehova uNkulunkulu nakumbuso wakhe; ukuthi siyizinceku zikaJehova uNkulunkulu othunywe ukwenza umsebenzi egameni lakhe, futhi, ngokulalela umyalo wakhe, ukuletha ubufakazi bukaJesu Kristu, nokwazisa abantu ukuthi uJehova unguNkulunkulu weqiniso futhi onguMninimandla onke; ngakho-ke sokwamukela ngenjabulo futhi sithathe igama igama leNkosi uNkulunkulu eliqambe igama lalo, futhi sifisa ukwaziwa noma ukubizwa ngalelo gama, okungukuthi, ofakazi bakaJehova. — Isa. 43: 10-12. ”

Kunombhalo waphansi onentshisekelo ekugcineni kwalesi sigaba kufayela le- Abamemezeli incwadi ethi:

“Yize ubufakazi bukhomba ngokukholisayo esiqondisweni sikaJehova ekukhetheni igama elithi oFakazi BakaJehova, INqabayokulinda (February 1, 1944, amakhasi 42-3; October 1, 1957, k. 607) nencwadi Amazulu Amasha Nomhlaba Omusha (amakhasi 231-7) kamuva waveza ukuthi leli gama akulona “igama elisha” okukhulunywa ngalo ku-Isaya 62: 2; 65:15; neSambulo 2:17, yize leli gama livumelana nobuhlobo obusha okukhulunywa ngabo emiBhalweni emibili ka-Isaya. ”

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi lapha kukhona isitatimende esicacile sokuthi leli gama lanikezwa ngokunikezwa nguNkulunkulu yize ukucaciswa okuthile kwakudingeka kwenziwe eminyakeni eyi-13 nengama-26 kamuva. Abubeki bufakazi obucacile obukhomba ngokusobala kangaka esiqondisweni sikaJehova. Isici esilandelayo esizohlola ukuthi leli gama, elithi oFakazi BakaJehova, liyahambisana yini negama elinikezwe abafundi bakaJesu eBhayibhelini.

Igama “UmKristu” Nemvelaphi Yalo.

Kuyafaneleka ukufunda iZenzo 11: 19-25 lapho ukukhula kwamakholwa angewona amaJuda kwenzeka ngendlela enkulu.

“Manje labo ababehlakazeke ngosizi olwaqubuka ngoStefanu baya eFenike, eKhupro nase-Antiyokiya, kepha izwi balikhuluma kumaJuda kuphela. Nokho, amanye amadoda phakathi kwabo avela eKhupro naseKhurene eza e-Antiyokiya aqala ukukhuluma nabantu abakhuluma isiGreki, ememezela izindaba ezinhle zeNkosi uJesu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, isandla sikaJehova sasinabo, futhi inani elikhulu laba ngamakholwa laphendukela eNkosini.    

Umbiko ngabo wafika ezindlebeni zebandla laseJerusalema, futhi bathumela uBarnaba waze wafika e-Antiyokiya. Lapho efika futhi ebona umusa ongafanelwe kaNkulunkulu, wajabula futhi waqala ukubakhuthaza bonke ukuba baqhubeke eNkosini ngokuzimisela okusuka enhliziyweni; ngoba wayeyindoda enhle futhi egcwele umoya ongcwele nokukholwa. Futhi isixuku esikhulu sanezelwa eNkosini. Ngakho waya eTarsu eyofuna uSawule ngokuphelele.
(Izenzo 11: 19-25)

Ibandla eliseJerusalema lithumela uBarnaba ukuba ayophenya futhi lapho efika, uyajabula futhi ubamba iqhaza ekwakheni leli bandla. UBarnaba ukhumbula ukubizwa kukaSawule waseTarsu (bheka iZenzo 9) nguJesu eminyakeni embalwa eyedlule futhi ukholwa ukuthi lesi bekungumcimbi owaprofethwa ngaye wokuba "uMphostoli ezizweni"[14]. Uya eTarsu, athole uPawuli abuyele e-Antiyokiya. Kuku-Antiyokiya lapho igama elithi "umKristu" linikezwa khona.

Igama elithi "umKristu" livela kathathu eTestamenteni Elisha, Izenzo 11:26 (phakathi kuka-36-44 CE), iZenzo 26:28 (phakathi kuka-56-60 CE) no-1 Petru 4:16 (ngemuva kuka-62 CE).

Izenzo 11:26 zithi “Kwathi esemtholile, wamletha e-Antiyokiya. Ngakho-ke, unyaka wonke babuthana nabo ebandleni futhi bafundisa isixuku impela, futhi kwaqala e-Antiyokiya ukuba abafundi ngokunqunywa kwaphezulu babizwe ngamaKristu. ”

Izenzo 26:28 zithi "Kodwa u-Agripha wathi kuPaul:" Ngesikhashana nje uzongincenga ukuba ngibe umKristu. "

Eyoku-1 Petru 4:16 ithi "Kepha uma umuntu ehlupheka ngokuba ngumKristu, makangabi namahloni, kodwa makaqhubeke ekhazimulisa uNkulunkulu ngenkathi ebizwa ngaleli gama."

Igama elithi "amaKristu" lisuselwa esiGrekini AmaChristianos futhi kuvela Christos okusho umlandeli kaKristu, okungukuthi umKristu. KukuzEnzo 11:26 lapho igama livela khona okokuqala, futhi kungenzeka ukuthi lokhu kungenxa yokuthi i-Antiyokiya eSyria kwakuyindawo lapho ukuguqulwa kwabeZizwe kwenzeka futhi isiGreki kwakuzoba ulimi oluyinhloko.

Ngaphandle kwalapho kuchazwe ngenye indlela, zonke izingcaphuno zemibhalo ezikule ndatshana zithathwe ku-New World Translation 2013 (NWT) - inguqulo yeBhayibheli eyenziwe yi-WTBTS. KuzEnzo 11:26, lokhu kuhumusha kunezela amagama athakazelisayo "ngokuqondiswa nguNkulunkulu". Bavuma ukuthi lokhu akuyona inguqulo evamile futhi bayakuchaza ku Abamemezeli incwadi.[15] Izinguqulo eziningi azinakho “ngokuqondisa kwaphezulu” kodwa zimane nje “zabizwa ngokuthi ngamaKristu.”

I-NWT ithatha igama lesiGreki i-chrematizo futhi isebenzisa umqondo wesibili njengoba usebenza kulo mongo, yingakho “ukuhlinzekwa nguNkulunkulu”. Ukuhumusha kweTestamente eNtsha bekuzobe kuqediwe ekuqaleni kwawo-1950. Kusho ukuthini lokhu?

Uma kusetshenziswa izinguqulo ezi-orthodox ngegama elithi "babizwa ngamaKrestu" kunamathuba amathathu ngemvelaphi yaleli gama.

  1. Abantu bendawo basebenzise leli gama njengegama elilulazayo kubalandeli benkolo entsha.
  2. Amakholwa ebandleni lendawo akha leli gama ukuze azikhombe.
  3. Kwakungenxa ye- "Providence Divine".

I-NWT, ngokukhetha kwayo ukuhumusha, yehlisela izinketho ezimbili zokuqala. Lokhu kusho ukuthi igama elithi "umKristu" yisinqumo esenziwe nguNkulunkulu sokukhomba abalandeli beNdodana yakhe, yingakho salotshwa nguLuka ngogqozi lwaphezulu.

Amaphuzu abalulekile yilawa:

  1. IBhayibheli lamukelwa yizo zonke izinkolo zobuKristu njengesambulo esiqhubekayo sentando, inhloso nohlelo lukaNkulunkulu uSomandla. Lokhu kudinga ukufundwa kwengxenye ngayinye yombhalo ngokomongo nokuthola iziphetho ezisuselwa kulowo mongo nesigaba sesambulo esifinyelelwe.
  2. Igama elithi oFakazi BakaJehova likhethwe ku-Isaya 43: 10-12. Le ngxenye yemibhalo ikhuluma ngoJehova ekhombisa ubuNkulunkulu bakhe obuphakeme ngokungafani nonkulunkulu bamanga bezizwe ezizungezile, futhi ubiza isizwe sakwa-Israyeli ukuthi sifakaze ngobuNkulunkulu bakhe ekusebenzelaneni nabo. Igama lesizwe alizange liguqulwe futhi babengofakazi bemisebenzi yakhe emikhulu yensindiso ayifeza ngaleso sizwe. Ama-Israyeli awazange athathe leyo ngxenye yombhalo njengegama elalizokwaziwa ngalo. Leyo ndima yabhalwa cishe ngonyaka we-750 BCE.
  3. ITestamente Elisha lembula uJesu njengoMesiya (uKristu, ngesiGreki — womabili la magama asho ogcotshiweyo), lowo ongumongo wazo zonke iziphrofetho eziseTestamenteni Elidala. (Bona Izenzo 10:43 no-2 KwabaseKorinte 1:20.) Umbuzo uvele uthi: Yini elindelwe kumaKrestu kulesisigaba sokwembulwa kukaNkulunkulu?
  4. Igama elisha, umKristu, linikezwa futhi lisuselwa e-NWT Bible kusobala ukuthi igama elithi umKristu linikezwe nguNkulunkulu. Leli gama likhomba bonke abemukela futhi bazithobe eNdodaneni yakhe uJesu. Lokhu ngokusobala kuyingxenye yesambulo esisha njengoba kukhonjisiwe kwabaseFilipi 2: 9-11:“Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, uNkulunkulu wamphakamisela esikhundleni esiphakeme futhi ngomusa wamnika igama elingaphezu kwawo wonke amanye amagama, ukuze egameni likaJesu wonke amadolo aguqe — awalabo abasezulwini nalabo abasemhlabeni nalabo abangaphansi kuka umhlabathi— nazo zonke izilimi kufanele zivume obala ukuthi uJesu Kristu uyiNkosi kube yinkazimulo kuNkulunkulu uBaba. ”
  5. I-WTBTS ithi yiBhayibheli kuphela izwi likaNkulunkulu eliphefumulelwe. Izimfundiso zabo zingalungiswa, zicaciswe futhi ziguqulwe ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.[16] Ngaphezu kwalokho, kukhona i-akhawunti yokuzibonela enikezwe ngu-AH Macmillan[17] Ngokulandelayo:

    Lapho eseneminyaka engamashumi ayisishiyagalombili nesishiyagalombili ubudala u-AH Macmillan waya eMhlanganweni Wabafundi BakaJehova “Wezithelo Zomoya” kulo lelo dolobha. Lapho, ngo-Agasti 1, 1964, uMfoweth 'uMacmillan wenza la mazwana athakazelisayo ngokuthi ukwamukelwa kwalelo gama kwenzeka kanjani:
    “Kwakuyilungelo lami ukuba lapha eColumbus ngo-1931 lapho sithola. . . isihloko esisha noma igama. . . Ngangiphakathi kwabahlanu ababezophawula ngalokho esikucabangayo ngomqondo wokwamukela lelo gama, futhi ngabatshela lokhu kafushane: Ngangicabanga ukuthi kwakuwumbono omuhle kakhulu ngoba leso sihloko lapho satshela umhlaba esikwenzayo futhi ukuthi lalinjani ibhizinisi lethu. Ngaphambi kwalokhu sasibizwa ngokuthi abaFundi BeBhayibheli. Kungani? Ngoba yilokho ebesiyikho. Kwathi lapho ezinye izizwe ziqala ukufunda nathi, sabizwa ngokuthi ngabaFundi BeBhayibheli Bomhlaba Wonke. Kepha manje singofakazi bakaJehova uNkulunkulu, futhi leso sihloko lapho sitshela umphakathi ukuthi siyini nokuthi senzani. . . . ”“Eqinisweni, nguNkulunkulu uSomandla, ngiyakholelwa, oholele kulokho, ngoba uMfoweth 'uRutherford uzitshele yena ukuthi uvuke ngobunye ubusuku lapho elungiselela lowomhlangano futhi wathi,' Yini emhlabeni engiphakamise ukuthi kube nomhlaba wonke umhlangano walapho ngingenayo inkulumo ekhethekile noma umyalezo kubo? Ubalethelani bonke lapha? ' Wabe eseqala ukucabanga ngakho, futhi u-Isaya 43 weza engqondweni yakhe. Wavuka ngehora lesibili ekuseni wabhala ngamafuphi, etafuleni lakhe, uhlaka lwenkulumo ayezoyinikeza ngoMbuso, ithemba lomhlaba, nangegama elisha. Futhi konke okwashiwo nguye ngaleso sikhathi kwakulungiswa ngalobo busuku, noma ngalolo suku ekuseni ngehora lesibili. Futhi [akukho] ukungabaza engqondweni yami — hhayi ngaleso sikhathi noma manje — ukuthi iNkosi yamqondisa kulokhu, futhi lelo yigama uJehova afuna silibize futhi sijabule kakhulu futhi sijabule kakhulu ukuba nalo. ”[18]

Kuyacaca ukuthi lesi bekuyisikhathi esinengcindezi kuMongameli we-WTBTS futhi ezwe ukuthi udinga umyalezo omusha. Ngokususelwa kulokho, ufinyelela kulesi siphetho sokuthi igama elisha liyadingeka ukuhlukanisa leli qembu labafundi beBhayibheli kwamanye amaqembu ezifundo zeBhayibheli kanye namahlelo. Kusobala ukuthi kusekelwe ekucabangeni komuntu futhi abukho ubufakazi bokunikezwa nguNkulunkulu.

Ngokwengeziwe, kuphakama inselele lapho ukulandisa okuphefumulelwe okwabhalwa uLuka kusinikeza igama elilodwa kodwa eminyakeni engaba ngu-1,950 11 kamuva umuntu anikeze igama elisha. Eminyakeni engamashumi amabili kamuva i-WTBTS ihumusha iZenzo 26: XNUMX futhi ivuma ukuthi kwakwenziwe ngu "Providence Divine". Kuleli qophelo, ukuphikisana kwegama elisha nombhalo kuba sobala kakhulu. Ngabe umuntu kufanele amukele irekhodi leBhayibheli eliphefumulelwe eliqiniswe ngokuqhubekayo yinguqulo ye-NWT, noma alandele ukuholwa kwendoda engathi ayikhuthazwa nguNkulunkulu?

Ekugcineni, kwiTestamente Elisha, kusobala ukuthi amaKrestu abizelwe ukuba ngofakazi bakaJehova hhayi bakaJehova. Bona amazwi kaJesu kuZenzo 1: 8 athi:

"Kepha niyokwamukela amandla, lapho umoya ongcwele ungena phezu kwenu, nizoba ngofakazi bami eJerusalema, kulo lonke iJudiya neSamariya, nasezingxenyeni ezikude kakhulu zomhlaba." Futhi, bheka iSambulo 19:10 - “Ngaso leso sikhathi ngawa phansi phambi kwezinyawo zakhe ukumkhulekela. Kodwa ithi kimi: “Qaphela! Ungakwenzi lokho! Ngiyinceku nje kanye nawe nabafowenu abanomsebenzi wokufakaza ngoJesu. Khulekela uNkulunkulu! Ngoba ukufakaza ngoJesu yikho okukhuthaza isiprofetho. ”

AmaKrestu awakaze aziwa njengo “Fakazi bakaJesu” yize afakaza ngokufa kwakhe komhlatshelo nokuvuka kwakhe.

Konke lokhu kuholela embuzweni othi: AmaKrestu kufanele azihlukanise kanjani uma kungenjalo kususelwa kumagama anjengamaKhatholika, amaBaptist, amaQuaker, oFakazi BakaJehova, et cetera?

Ukukhomba umKristu

UmKristu yilowo oguqukele ngaphakathi (isimo sengqondo nokucabanga) kepha angabonakala ngezenzo zangaphandle (zokuziphatha). Ukuze ugqamise lokhu uchungechunge lwemibhalo yeTestamente Elisha kungasiza. Ake sicabangele ezimbalwa zalezi, konke kuthathwe kuhlobo lwe-NWT 2013.

UMathewu 5: 14-16: “Nina ningukukhanya kwezwe. Idolobha alinakufihlwa lapho lisentabeni. Abantu bakhanyisa isibani bangasibeki ngaphansi kwesitsha, kodwa basibeka othini lwesibani, sikhanyisele bonke abasendlini. Ngokufanayo, ukukhanya kwenu makukhanye phambi kwabantu, ukuze babone imisebenzi yenu emihle bese bedumisa uYihlo osemazulwini. ”

ENtshumayelweni Yasentabeni, uJesu wakusho ngokusobala ukuthi abafundi bakhe babeyokhanya njengezinkanyiso. Lokhu kukhanya kukhanya ukukhanya kukaJesu uqobo njengoba kushiwo kuJohane 8:12. Lokhu kukhanya kuqukethe okungaphezu kwamagama; kuhlanganisa nemisebenzi emihle. Ukukholwa kobuKrestu kungumyalezo okumele uboniswe ngezenzo. Ngakho-ke, umKristu usho umlandeli kaJesu futhi lelo igama elanele. Akukho okunye okudingayo ukwengezwa.

Joh. 13:15: “Ngoba nginibekela isibonelo, sokuthi njengoba nje ngenzile kini, nani nenze kanjalo. ” UJesu usanda kukhombisa ukubaluleka kokuthobeka ngokugeza izinyawo zabafundi bakhe. Usho ngokusobala ukuthi ubeka iphethini.

UJohn 13: 34-35: “Ngininika umyalo omusha, wokuba nithandane; njengalokhu nginithandile, nani nithandane. Ngalokho bonke bayakukwazi ukuthi ningabafundi bami, uma nithandana. ” UJesu ulandela iphethini ngokunikeza umyalo. Igama lesiGreki lothando lithi agape futhi kudinga ukuthi kuhileleke ingqondo nemizwa. Kususelwa ezimisweni. Kubiza umuntu ukuthi athande okungathandeki.

Jakobe 1:27: "Indlela yokukhuleka ehlanzekile futhi engangcolile ngokombono kaNkulunkulu noBaba wethu yile: ukunakekela izintandane nabafelokazi osizini lwabo, nokuzigcina ungenabala lomhlaba." UJames, umfowabo kaJesu ngamzali munye, uqokomisa isidingo sozwelo, isihe, umusa kanye nokuzihlukanisa nomhlaba. UJesu wathandazela lokhu kwehlukaniswa nezwe kuJohane Isahluko 17.

Kwabase-Efesu 4: 22-24: “Wafundiswa ukulahla ubuntu obudala obuvumelana nenkambo yenu yokuziphatha yangaphambili nobonakaliswayo ngokwezifiso zabo ezikhohlisayo. Futhi kufanele niqhubeke nenziwa basha emandleni enu okubusa kwengqondo, futhi nigqoke ubuntu obusha obadalwa ngokwentando kaNkulunkulu ngokulunga kweqiniso nokuthembeka. ” Lokhu kudinga ukuthi wonke amaKristu agqoke umuntu omusha owenziwe ngomfanekiso kaJesu. Izithelo zalo moya zibonakala kwabaseGalathiya 5: 22-23: “Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izithelo zomoya ziluthando, injabulo, ukuthula, ukubekezela, umusa, ubuhle, ukholo, ubumnene, ukuzithiba. Akukho mthetho omelene nezinto ezinjalo. ” Lokhu kubonakala empilweni yomKristu.

2 KwabaseKhorinte 5: 20-21: “Ngakho-ke, singamanxusa abambele uKristu, njengokungathi uNkulunkulu unxusa ngathi. Njengezikhundla zikaKristu, siyancenga: “Buyisanani noNkulunkulu.” Lowo ongasazanga isono wamenza isono ngenxa yethu, ukuze ngaye sibe ngukulunga kukaNkulunkulu. ” AmaKrestu anikezwa inkonzo yokumema abantu ukuthi bangene ebudlelwaneni noBaba. Lokhu kuxhumene futhi nemiyalo kaJesu kuMathewu 28: 19-20: “Ngakho-ke hambani niyokwenza abantu bazo zonke izizwe babe abafundi, nibabhapathize egameni likaYise neleNdodana nelomoya ongcwele, nibafundise ukugcina konke enginiyale ngakho. Bheka! Nginani izinsuku zonke kuze kube isiphelo sesimiso sezinto. ” Onke amaKrestu anesibopho sokuhlanganyela lo myalezo omangalisayo

Ukuthi lo mlayezo wabiwa kanjani kuzoba yisihloko esilandelayo; futhi ngokulandelayo, kuzocatshangelwa ukuthi yisiphi isigijimi okufanele sishunyayelwe ngamaKristu?

UJesu esikhundleni sePhasika eligujwa amaJuda wenza iSikhumbuzo sokufa kwakhe futhi wanikeza iziyalezo. Lokhu kwenzeka kanye ngonyaka nge-14th enyangeni yamaJuda kaNisani. Wonke amaKristu kulindeleke ukuthi adle isinkwa newayini.

"Futhi, wathatha isinkwa, wabonga, wasihlephula, wabanika sona, wathi:" Lokhu kusho umzimba wami, ozonikelwa ngenxa yenu. Qhubekani nikwenza lokhu ningikhumbula. ” Futhi, wenza okufanayo ngenkomishi ngemuva kokudla isidlo sakusihlwa, wathi: “Le ndebe isho isivumelwano esisha esenziwa ngegazi lami, elizothululwa ngenxa yenu.” (ULuka 22: 19-20)

Ekugcineni, eNtshumayelweni Yasentabeni, uJesu wakusho ngokusobala ukuthi kuzoba namaKrestu eqiniso nawamanga futhi iphuzu lokwehlukanisa kwakungelona igama kepha kwakuyizenzo zabo. UMathewu 7: 21-23: “Akuwona wonke umuntu othi kimi, 'Nkosi, Nkosi,' oyongena eMbusweni wamazulu, kodwa kuphela lowo owenza intando kaBaba osemazulwini. Abaningi bayokuthi kimi ngalolo suku: 'Nkosi, Nkosi, asiprofethanga yini egameni lakho, saxosha amademoni ngegama lakho, senza nemisebenzi eminingi yamandla egameni lakho na?' 22 Ngaleso sikhathi ngizothi kubo: 'Angikaze nginazi! Sukani kimi, nina abenza okungemthetho! '”

Ekuphetheni, igama libalulekile futhi kufanele laziswe. Inezifiso, ubunikazi, ubudlelwano nekusasa elixhumene nayo. Alikho igama elingcono elingakhonjwa ngalo, ngaphandle kwaleli elixhunyaniswe noJesu:  Christian. Uma impilo seyinikiwe uJesu noYise, kungumthwalo womuntu ngamunye ukuphila ngokuvumelana nelungelo lokuba negama elikhazimulayo nokuba yingxenye yalowo mndeni waphakade. Alikho elinye igama elidingekayo.

_______________________________________________________________________

[1] Umbhali nguCyril M Harris futhi ngine-paperback ka-2001.

[2] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1573380/Doing-a-Ratner-and-other-famous-gaffes.html

[3] http://www.computerworld.com/article/2518626/apple-mac/how-to-solve-the-iphone-4-antenna-problem.html

[4] http://www.aish.com/jw/s/Judaism–the-Power-of-Names.html

[5] Igama wedwa? Kususelwa olimini lwesiLatini okusho ukuthi “umBhalo kuphela” noma “umBhalo wedwa”. Siqukethe amazwi I-sola, okusho ukuthi “kuphela,” futhi umbhalo, ebhekisela eBhayibhelini. I-sola scriptura yathandwa kakhulu phakathi neNguquko YamaProthestani njengendlela yokusabela kweminye yemikhuba yeSonto LamaRoma Katolika.

[6] https://www.catholic.com/tract/what-catholic-means

[7] Bheka ISIZO SOKUSIZA IZWI-IZINSIMBALO NEZINSIMBI ZOKUQONDA 1577 ku- “ekklesia”

[8] http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Baptist

[9] UGeorge Fox: I-Autobiography (Ijenali kaGeorge Fox) 1694

[10] IMargery Post Abbott; et al. (2003). Isichazamazwi esingokomlando sabangane (amaQuaker). k. futhobi.

[11] Ngaphandle kokuthi kuboniswe ngenye indlela, wonke amavesi eBhayibheli athathwe ku-New World Translation 2013 Edition. Njengoba ingxenye ebalulekile yalesi sihloko ikhuluma ngehlelo losuku lwanamuhla loFakazi BakaJehova kulungile ukusebenzisa inguqulo yabo abayithandayo

[12] OFakazi BakaJehova baye banyathelisa izincwadi ezahlukahlukene ezikhuluma ngomlando wabo wangaphakathi. Ngikhethe ukusebenzisa incwadi ethi Jehovah’s Witnesses — Proclaimers of God’s Kingdom 1993. Akufanele ibhekwe njengokulandiswa komlando okungakhethi.

[13] OFakazi BakaJehova — Abamemezeli BoMbuso KaNkulunkulu, isahluko 11: “Indlela Esenzeka Ngayo Ukwaziwa NjengoFakazi BakaJehova”, ikhasi 151.

[14] Izenzo 9: 15

[15] OFakazi BakaJehova — Abamemezeli BoMbuso KaNkulunkulu isahl. 11 amakhasi 149-150. Ngo-44 CE noma kungekudala emva kwalokho, abalandeli bakaJesu Kristu abathembekile baqala ukwaziwa njengamaKristu. Abanye bathi ngabantu bangaphandle abababiza ngokuthi bangamaKristu, bekwenza lokho ngokululaza. Kodwa-ke, ababhali abathile bezichazamazwi nabahlaziyi beBhayibheli bathi isenzo esisetshenziswe kuzEnzo 11:26 sisho isiqondiso saphezulu noma isambulo. Ngakho-ke, kuyi-Nguqulo Yezwe Elisha, lowo mbhalo ufundeka kanje: “Kwaqala e-Antiyokiya ukuthi ngokwelungiselelo laphezulu abafundi babizwe ngamaKristu.” (Izinguqulo ezifanayo ziyatholakala kuRobert Young's Literal Translation of the Holy Bible, Revised Edition, ka-1898; The Simple English Bible, ka-1981; nakuHugo McCord's New Testament, yango-1988.) Cishe ngo-58 CE, igama elithi Christian laliyi- okwaziwa ngisho nayizikhulu zaseRoma. - Imisebenti 26:28.

[16]w17 1 / 15 p. I-26 par. I-12 Ngubani Ohola Abantu BakaNkulunkulu Namuhla?  INdikimba Ebusayo ayiphefumulelwe futhi ayinaphutha. Ngakho-ke, ingaphambuka ezindabeni zemfundiso noma ekuqondisweni kwenhlangano. Eqinisweni, i-Watch Tower Publications Index inesihloko esithi “Beliefs Clarified,” esibala izinguquko ekuqondeni kwethu imiBhalo kusukela ngo-1870. Yiqiniso, uJesu akazange asitshele ukuthi inceku yakhe ethembekile izokhiqiza ukudla okungokomoya okuphelele. Ngakho singawuphendula kanjani umbuzo kaJesu othi: “Ngubani ngempela inceku ethembekileyo neqondayo?” (Math. 24:45) Yibuphi ubufakazi obukhona bokuthi iNdikimba Ebusayo iyayifeza leyo ndima? Ake sicabangele izinto ezintathu ezifanayo ezaziqondisa indikimba ebusayo ngekhulu lokuqala

[17] Umqondisi we-WTBTS kusukela ngo-1917.

[18] INcwadi Yonyaka YoFakazi BakaJehova Ka-1975 amakhasi 149-151

Eleasar

JW iminyaka engaphezu kwengu-20. Usanda kwesula njengomdala. Izwi likaNkulunkulu kuphela eliyiqiniso futhi alinakusisebenzisa ukuthi siseseqinisweni. U-Eleasar usho ukuthi "uNkulunkulu usizile" futhi ngigcwele ukubonga.
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